SYNNEX Corporation
SYNNEX CORP (Form: 10-K, Received: 02/13/2008 17:14:09)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-K

 

(Mark One)

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007

OR

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

Commission File Number: 001-31892

 

SYNNEX CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

Delaware   94-2703333

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(IRS Employer

Identification No.)

44201 Nobel Drive

Fremont, California

  94538
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(510) 656-3333

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share

New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes   ¨     No   x

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes   ¨     No   x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K     ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one).

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨          Accelerated filer   x         Non-accelerated filer   ¨         Smaller reporting company   ¨

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

The aggregate market value of Common Stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant (based upon the closing sale price on the New York Stock Exchange on February 1, 2008) was approximately $383,637,430. Shares held by each executive officer, director and by each person who owns 10% or more of the outstanding Common Stock have been excluded in that such persons may be deemed to be affiliates. This determination of affiliate status is not necessarily a conclusive determination for other purposes.

As of February 1, 2008, there were 31,923,384 shares of Common Stock, $0.001 per share par value, outstanding.

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

 

Items 10 (as to directors and Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance), 11, 12 (as to Beneficial Ownership) and 13 of Part III incorporate by reference information from the registrant’s proxy statement to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the solicitation of proxies for the registrant’s 2008 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be held on March 18, 2008.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

2007 FORM 10-K

 

          Page

PART I

   1

Item 1.

   Business Overview    1

Item 1A.

   Risk Factors    8

Item 1B.

   Unresolved Staff Comments    23

Item 2.

   Properties    23

Item 3.

   Legal Proceedings    23

Item 4.

   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    23

PART II

   25

Item 5.

   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters    25

Item 6.

   Selected Consolidated Financial Data    27

Item 7.

   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.    28

Item 7A.

   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk    44

Item 8.

   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data    46

Item 9.

   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure    85

Item 9A.

   Controls and Procedures    85

Item 9B.

   Other Information    86

PART III

   87

Item 10.

   Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant    87

Item 11.

   Executive Compensation    87

Item 12.

   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder   Matters.    87

Item 13.

   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions    88

Item 14.

   Principal Accountant Fees and Services    88

PART IV

   89

Item 15.

   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules    89


Table of Contents

PART I

 

When used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Report”), the words “believes,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “allows,” “can,” “will,” “provides” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These are statements that relate to future periods and include statements relating to our services, our OEMs and our relationships with and the value we provide to our OEM suppliers and reseller customers, our relationship with MiTAC International and Sun Microsystems, the anticipated benefits of our recent acquisitions, the anticipated effect of our acquisitions on our financial position, the anticipated increase in market share of domain name and web hosting related internet services, the consolidation of our Canadian facilities, the restructuring of our Canadian operations, our strategy with respect to international operations, gross margin, selling, general and administrative expenses, fluctuations in future revenues and operating results and future expenses, fluctuations in inventory, our estimates regarding our capital requirements and our needs for additional financing, our infrastructure needs and growth, strategic acquisitions or investments, our indebtedness, use of our working capital, expansion of our operations and related costs, impact of accounting pronouncements, impact of new rules and regulations affecting public companies, the adequacy of our cash resources to meet our capital needs, statements regarding our securitization program, economic and industry trends, our legal proceedings, sources of revenue and adequacy of our disclosure controls and procedures. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks discussed below and under Item 1A, “Risk Factors,” as well as the seasonality of the buying patterns of our customers, the concentration of sales to large customers, dependence upon and trends in capital spending budgets in the IT industry, fluctuations in general economic conditions particularly in North America, increased competition and costs related to expansion of our operations. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

 

In the sections of this Report entitled “Business Overview” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” all references to “SYNNEX,” “we,” “us,” “our” or the “Company” mean SYNNEX Corporation and our subsidiaries, except where it is made clear that the term means only the parent company.

 

SYNNEX, the SYNNEX Logo, CONCENTRIX, the CONCENTRIX Logo, EMJ, ENEXT, the NEXCE Logo, PRINTSOLV, the TSD Logo, and all other SYNNEX company, product and services names and slogans are trademarks or registered trademarks of SYNNEX Corporation. SYNNEX and the SYNNEX Logo Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off. Other names and marks are the property of their respective owners.

 

Item 1. Business Overview

 

We are a Fortune 500 Corporation and a leading business process services company, serving resellers and original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, in multiple regions around the world. We provide services in IT distribution, supply chain management, contract assembly and business process outsourcing, or BPO. Our BPO services solutions include: demand generation, pre-sales support, product marketing, print and fulfillment, back office outsourcing and post-sales technical support.

 

We bring synergy to our customers’ business process services requirements. By bringing supply chain management, contract assembly and distribution expertise together under one service provider, the result is high quality products built at a lower cost with industry-leading components and delivered on time. Our business model is flexible and modular to accommodate the specific needs of our customers. To further enhance our business process services solutions, we provide value-added support services such as demand generation, pre-sales support, product marketing, print and fulfillment, back office outsourcing and post-sales technical support.

 

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We combine our core strengths in demand generation, IT distribution, supply chain management, and contract assembly to provide our customers greater efficiencies in time to market, cost minimization, real-time linkages in the supply chain and aftermarket product support. We distribute approximately 15,000 (as measured by active SKUs) technology products from more than 100 IT OEM suppliers to more than 15,000 resellers throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico. We employ over 6,000 employees worldwide and operate in the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom. From a geographic perspective, approximately 97% of our total revenue was from North America for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007.

 

We purchase IT systems, peripherals, system components, packaged software and networking equipment from OEM suppliers such as HP, Panasonic, IBM, Intel, and Lenovo and sell them to our reseller customers. We perform the same function for our purchases of licensed software products. Our reseller customers include value-added resellers, or VARs, corporate resellers, government resellers, system integrators, direct marketers and retailers. Our largest OEM supplier, HP, accounted for approximately 28% of our total revenue for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007.

 

The IT distribution and contract assembly services industries in which we operate are characterized by low gross profit as a percentage of revenue, or gross margin, and low income from operations as a percentage of revenue, or operating margin. As well, the market for IT products and services is generally characterized by declining unit prices and short product life cycles. We set our sales price based on the market supply and demand characteristics for each particular product and services we provide.

 

Our revenue is highly dependent on the end-market demand for IT products and services. This end-market demand is influenced by many factors including the introduction of new IT products and software by OEMs, replacement cycles for existing IT products, overall economic growth and general business activity. A difficult and challenging economic environment may also lead to consolidation or decline in the IT industry and increased price-based competition.

 

We have been in business since 1980 and are headquartered in Fremont, California with distribution, sales, contract assembly and contact center facilities in the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom. We were originally incorporated in the State of California as COMPAC Microelectronics, Inc. in November 1980, and we changed our name to SYNNEX Information Technologies, Inc. in February 1994. We later reincorporated in the State of Delaware under the name of SYNNEX Corporation in October 2003.

 

Our Products and Suppliers

 

We distribute a broad line of IT products, including IT systems, peripherals, system components, software and networking equipment for more than 100 OEM suppliers, enabling us to offer comprehensive solutions to our reseller customers. Our primary OEM suppliers and representative products for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007 include the following:

 

Supplier

  

Representative Products

Acer

   Mobile PCs, Displays and Monitors

APC

   UPS and Power Devices

HP

   Desktop and Mobile PCs, Printers, Imaging Products, Supplies, Servers, Storage Products

IBM

   Servers, Storage Products, Software

Intel

   CPUs, Motherboards, Networking Products

Lenovo

   Desktop and Mobile PCs

Microsoft

   Operating Systems, Application Software

Panasonic

   Mobile PCs

Symantec

   Security Software

Xerox

   Printers and Supplies

 

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During fiscal 2007, our product mix by category was in the following ranges:

 

Product Category:

    

Peripherals

   31% -35%

IT Systems

   29% -33%

System Components

   17% -21%

Software

   9% - 13%

Networking Equipment

   4% - 8%

 

Our largest OEM supplier is HP. Revenue from the sale of HP products represented approximately 28% and 25% of our revenue for fiscal 2007 and 2006, respectively. We entered into a U.S. Business Development Partner Agreement with HP on November 6, 2003, which governs our relationship with HP in the United States. The agreement remains in effect until May 31, 2009 unless terminated earlier in accordance with its terms. As is typical with our OEM supplier agreements, either party may terminate the agreement upon 30 days written notice. In addition, either party may terminate the agreement with cause upon 15 days written notice. “Cause” is not defined in the agreement. In the event the agreement is terminated for cause or if we in any way fail to perform any of our obligations under the agreement, any and all agreements between HP and us for the resale of any and all products, support and services will automatically terminate upon such default or termination. In the event of any breach of the agreement by us, HP may terminate the agreement and we may be required to refund HP any discounts or program payments paid during the period we were in breach of the agreement and reimburse HP for reasonable attorneys’ fees. If either party becomes insolvent or bankrupt, the other party may terminate the agreement without notice and cancel any unfulfilled obligations, except for payment obligations. Our subsidiaries in Canada and Mexico have territorial supplier agreements with subsidiaries of HP located in the same countries.

 

In addition to HP, we have distribution agreements with most of our suppliers. These agreements usually provide for nonexclusive distribution rights and pertain to specific geographic territories. The agreements are also generally short-term, subject to periodic renewal, and often contain provisions permitting termination by either our supplier or us without cause upon relatively short notice. An OEM supplier that elects to terminate a distribution agreement will generally repurchase its products carried in our inventory.

 

Our distribution and contract assembly business subjects us to the risk that the value of our inventory will be affected adversely by suppliers’ price reductions or by technological changes affecting the usefulness or desirability of the products comprising our inventory. Many of our OEM suppliers offer us limited protection from the loss in value of our inventory due to technological change or a supplier’s price reductions. Under many of these agreements, we have a limited period of time to return or exchange products or claim price protection credits. We monitor our inventory levels and attempt to time our purchases to maximize our protection under supplier programs.

 

Our Customers

 

We distribute IT products to more than 15,000 resellers. Resellers are classified primarily by the end-users to whom they sell as well as the services they provide. End-users include large corporations or enterprises, governments, small-to medium-sized businesses, or SMBs, and personal users. In addition, resellers vary greatly in size and geographic reach. Our reseller customers buy from us and other distributors and our larger reseller customers also buy certain products directly from OEM suppliers.

 

No reseller customer accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue in fiscal 2007 or 2006. Some of our largest customers include Apptis, CDW, Sun Microsystems and Insight Enterprises, Inc.

 

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Our Services

 

We offer a variety of services to our customers, including the following:

 

Distribution Services. We have sophisticated pick, pack and ship operations, which allows us to efficiently receive shipments from our OEM suppliers and fill orders for our reseller customers. We generally stock or otherwise have access to the inventory of our OEM suppliers to satisfy the demands of our reseller customers.

 

Supply Chain Management. We offer as a single source solution, a highly cost-effective, integrated set of supply chain management services. These services include materials planning, product procurement, systems assembly, software integration, test, asset tagging, software imaging, warehousing inventory management and logistics services, including specialized tasks such as reverse logistics and end of life sales.

 

Contract Assembly Services. We provide our OEM contract assembly customers with systems design and build-to-order, or BTO, and configure-to-order, or CTO, assembly capabilities. BTO assembly consists of building a group of systems with the same pre-defined specifications, generally for our OEM customers’ inventory. CTO assembly consists of building a customized system for an OEM customer’s individual order specifications. We also offer production value-added services such as kitting, reconfiguration, asset tagging and hard drive imaging.

 

Business Process Outsourcing Services . We offer contact center services that deliver voice, e-mail and technical support services on a global platform to our customers. Our inbound contact center provides real-time post-sales technical support services to our customers. We also offer a system that generates awareness and demand for products and services, including business and channel development, integrated sales and marketing campaigns, lead development and product marketing strategic planning and consulting.

 

The above categories of services are complemented by:

 

Logistics Services. We provide logistics support to our reseller customers such as outsourced fulfillment, virtual distribution and direct ship to end-users. Other logistics support activities we provide include generation of customized shipping documents, multi-level serial number tracking for customized, configured products and online order and shipment tracking.

 

Online Services. We maintain electronic data interchange, or EDI, and web-based communication links with many of our reseller customers. These links improve the speed and efficiency of our transactions with our reseller customers by enabling them to search for products, check inventory availability and prices, configure systems, place and track orders, receive invoices, review account status and process returns. We also have web-application software that allows our resellers or their end-user customers to order software and take delivery online.

 

Financing Services. We offer our reseller customers a wide range of financing options, including net terms, third party leasing and floor plan financing, letters of credit and arrangements where we collect payments directly from the end-user. The availability and terms of our financing services are subject to our credit policies or those of third party financing providers to our reseller customers.

 

Marketing Services. We offer our OEM suppliers a full range of marketing activities targeting specific resellers, including direct mail, external media advertising, reseller product training, targeted telemarketing campaigns, national and regional trade shows, database analysis, print on demand services and web-based marketing.

 

Technical Solutions Services. We provide our reseller customers technical support services, including pre- and post-sales support.

 

Joint Supply Chain Management and Distribution Services . We provide our contract assembly customers with materials procurement and management activities including planning, purchasing, expediting and

 

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warehousing system components and materials used in the assembly process. Because we distribute many of the system components used in the assembly of our contract assembly customers’ products, our assembly customers are able to minimize their inventory risk by taking advantage of the terms and conditions of our distribution relationships. In addition, we also offer increased inventory availability to our contract assembly customers because we stock items for both distribution and assembly.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

As of November 30, 2007, we employed 3,538 sales, marketing, contact center and demand generation services professionals. We serve our large commercial and government reseller customers through dedicated sales professionals. We market to smaller resellers through dedicated regional sales teams. In addition, we have dedicated product marketing and sales specialists that focus on the sale and promotion of the products of selected suppliers. These specialists are also directly involved in establishing new relationships with leading OEMs to create demand for their products and services and with resellers for their customers’ needs. Our sales and marketing professionals are complemented by members of our executive management team who are integral in identifying potential new customer opportunities, promoting sales growth and ensuring customer satisfaction. We have sales offices in North America, Latin America and Asia and attempt to locate our sales and marketing professionals in close proximity to our reseller customers.

 

We also have a sales team dedicated to cultivating new business process services opportunities with IT product OEMs. On selected opportunities, this team works with MiTAC International to offer OEMs comprehensive outsourced supply chain solutions. This joint sales effort enables us to deliver complete design-to-delivery solutions for our OEM customers.

 

Our Operations

 

We operate more than 20 distribution facilities in the United States, Canada and Mexico. Our distribution processes are highly automated to reduce errors, ensure timely order fulfillment and enhance the efficiency of our warehouse operations and back office administration. In North America, our distribution facilities are geographically dispersed to be near end-users and reseller customers. This regional strategy enables us to benefit from lower shipping costs and shorter delivery lead times to our customers. Furthermore, we track several performance measurements to continuously improve the efficiency and accuracy of our distribution operations. Our regional locations also enable us to make local deliveries and provide will-call fulfillment to more customers than if our distribution operations were centralized, resulting in better service to our customers. Our workforce is comprised of permanent and temporary employees, enabling us to respond to short-term changes in order activity.

 

Our proprietary IT systems and processes enable us to automate many of our distribution operations. For example, we use radio frequency and bar code scanning technologies in all of our warehouse operations to maintain real-time inventory records, facilitate frequent cycle counts and improve the accuracy of order fulfillment. We use palm readers to capture real-time labor cost data, enabling efficient management of our daily labor costs.

 

To enhance the accuracy of our order fulfillment and protect our inventory from shrinkage, our systems also incorporate numerous controls. These controls include order weight checks, bar code scanning, and serial number profile verification to verify that the product shipped matches the customer order. We also use digital video imaging to record our small package shipping activities by order. These images and other warehouse and shipping data are available online to our customer service representatives enabling us to quickly respond to order inquiries by our customers.

 

We operate our principal contract assembly facilities in the United States and the United Kingdom. We generally assemble IT systems, including workstations and servers, by incorporating system components from our distribution inventory and other sources. Additionally, we perform production value-added services, including kitting, asset tagging, hard drive imaging and reconfiguration. Our contract assembly facilities are ISO 9001:2000 certified.

 

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We offer contact center services that deliver voice, e-mail and technical support services on a global platform to our customers. Our inbound contact center provides real-time technical support services to our customers.

 

International Operations

 

Approximately 22% and 21% of our total revenue for fiscal 2007 and 2006, respectively, originated outside of the United States. A key element in our business strategy has been to expand our global presence in order to provide our business process services capabilities to OEMs in locations that meet their regional requirements. Consistent with this strategy, we have established international operations in Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom.

 

Purchasing

 

Product costs represent our single largest expense and IT product inventory is one of our largest working capital investments. Furthermore, product procurement from our OEM suppliers is a highly complex process that involves marketing incentive programs, rebate programs, price protection, volume and early payment discounts and other arrangements. Consequently, efficient and effective purchasing operations are critical to our success.

 

Our purchasing group works closely with many areas of our organization, especially our product managers who work closely with our OEM suppliers and our sales force, to understand the volume and mix of IT products that should be purchased. In addition, the purchasing group utilizes an internally developed, proprietary information systems application tool, which further aids the purchasing group in forecasting future product demand based on several factors, including past sales levels, expected product life cycle and current and projected economic conditions. Our information system tools also track warehouse and channel inventory levels and open purchase orders on a real-time basis enabling us to stock inventory at a regional level closer to the customer as well as to actively manage our working capital resources. This level of automation allows for greater efficiencies of inventory management by replenishing and turning inventory, as well as placing purchase orders, on a more frequent basis. Furthermore, our system tools also allow for automated checks and controls to prevent the generation of inaccurate orders.

 

Managing our OEM supplier incentive programs is another critical function of our purchasing group. We attempt to maximize the benefits of incentives, rebates and volume and early payment discounts that our OEM suppliers offer us from time to time. We carefully evaluate these purchasing benefits relative to our product handling and carrying costs so that we do not overly invest in our inventory. We also closely monitor inventory levels on a product-by-product basis and plan purchases to take advantage of OEM supplier provided price protection. By managing inventory levels at each of our regional distribution facilities, we can minimize our shipping costs by stocking products near to our resellers and their end-user customers.

 

Financial Services

 

We offer various credit terms to our customers as well as prepayment, credit card and cash on delivery terms. We also collect outstanding accounts receivable on behalf of our reseller customers in certain markets. In issuing credit to our reseller customers, we closely and continually monitor their creditworthiness through our information systems, which contain detailed information on each customer’s payment history, as well as through periodic detailed credit file reviews by our financial services staff. In addition, we participate in a North American credit association whose members exchange customer credit rating information. We have also purchased credit insurance in some geographies to further control credit risks. Finally, we establish reserves for estimated credit losses in the normal course of business.

 

We also sell to certain reseller customers where the transactions are financed by a third party floor plan financing company. The expenses charged by these financing companies will be subsidized either by our OEM suppliers or paid by us. We generally receive payment from these financing institutions within 15 to 30 days from the date of sale, depending on the specific arrangement.

 

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Information Technology

 

Our IT systems manage the entire order cycle, including processing customer orders, production planning, customer billing and payment tracking. These internally developed IT systems make our operations more efficient and provide visibility into all aspects of our operations. We believe our IT infrastructure is scalable to support further growth. Continuous enhancement of our IT systems facilitates improved product and inventory management, streamlines order and delivery processes, and increases operational flexibility.

 

To allow our customers and suppliers to communicate and transact business with us in an efficient and consistent manner, we have implemented a mix of proprietary and off-the-shelf software programs, which integrate our IT systems with those of our customers and suppliers. In particular, we maintain EDI and web-based communication links with many of our reseller customers to enable them to search for products, check real-time price, inventory availability and specifications, place and track orders, receive invoices and process returns. We plan to continue making significant investments in our IT systems to facilitate the flow of information, increase our efficiency and lower transaction costs.

 

Competition

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment, both in the United States and internationally. The IT product industry is characterized by intense competition, based primarily on product availability, credit terms, price, speed and accuracy of delivery, effectiveness of sales and marketing programs, ability to tailor specific solutions to customer needs, quality and depth of product lines, pre-sale and post-sale technical support, flexibility and timely response to design changes, technological capabilities, product quality, service and support. We compete with a variety of regional, national and international IT product distributors and manufacturers.

 

Our current major competitors in IT product distribution include Bell Microproducts, Ingram Micro, ScanSource and Tech Data and, to a lesser extent, regional distributors. We also face competition from our OEM suppliers, which also sell directly to resellers and end-users. The distribution industry has recently undergone, and continues to undergo, major consolidation. During this period, a number of significant players within the IT distribution industry exited or merged with other players within the distribution market. Over the years we have participated in this consolidation through our acquisitions of Merisel Canada, Gates/Arrow, EMJ Data Systems Limited, Azerty United Canada and PC Wholesale and we continue to evaluate other opportunities.

 

We constantly seek to expand our business into areas primarily related to our core distribution business as well as other support, logistic and related value-added services. As we enter new business areas, we may encounter increased competition from our current competitors and/or new competitors.

 

Some of our competitors are substantially larger and have greater financial, operating, manufacturing and marketing resources than us. Some of our competitors may have broader geographic breadth and range of services than us and may have more developed relationships with their existing customers. We attempt to offset our scale disadvantage by focusing on a limited number of leading OEMs to represent, running the most efficient and low cost operation possible and offering a high level of customer service.

 

Employees

 

As of November 30, 2007, we had 6,052 full-time employees, including 3,538 in sales, marketing, contact center and demand generation services professionals, 1,781 in operations, and 733 in executive, finance, IT and administration. Given the variability in our business and the quick response time required by customers, it is critical that we are able to rapidly ramp-up and ramp-down our production capabilities to maximize efficiency. As a result, we frequently use a significant number of temporary or contract workers, which totaled approximately 564, on a full-time equivalent basis, at November 30, 2007. Our employees are not represented by a labor union, nor are they covered by a collective bargaining agreement. We consider our employee relations to be good.

 

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Available Information

 

Our website is http://www.synnex.com . We make available free of charge, on or through our website, our annual, quarterly and current reports, as well as any amendments to these reports, as soon as reasonably practicable after electronically filing these reports with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Information contained on our website is not a part of this report. We have adopted a code of ethics applicable to our principal executive, financial and accounting officers. We make available free of charge, on or through our website’s investor relations page, our code of ethics.

 

The SEC maintains an Internet site at http://www.sec.gov that contains reports, proxy and information statements of the Company. All reports that the Company files with the SEC may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, DC, 20549. Information about the operation of the Public Reference Room can be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-202-551-8090.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

The following are certain risk factors that could affect our business, financial results and results of operations. These risk factors should be considered in connection with evaluating the forward-looking statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K because these factors could cause the actual results and conditions to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements. Before you buy our common stock, you should know that making such an investment involves some risks, including the risks described below. The risks that have been highlighted here are not the only ones that we face. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be negatively affected. In that case, the trading price of our common stock could decline, and you may lose all or part of your investment.

 

Risks Related to Our Business

 

We anticipate that our revenue and operating results will fluctuate, which could adversely affect the price of our common stock.

 

Our operating results have fluctuated and will fluctuate in the future as a result of many factors, including:

 

   

general economic conditions and level of IT spending;

 

   

the loss or consolidation of one or more of our significant OEM suppliers or customers;

 

   

market acceptance, product mix and useful life of the products we distribute;

 

   

market acceptance, quality, pricing and availability of our services;

 

   

competitive conditions in our industry that impact our margins;

 

   

pricing, margin and other terms with our OEM suppliers;

 

   

decline in inventory value as a result of product obsolescence;

 

   

variations in our levels of excess inventory and doubtful accounts, and changes in the terms of OEM supplier-sponsored programs, such as price protection and return rights; and

 

   

the impact of the business acquisitions we make.

 

Although we attempt to control our expense levels, these levels are based, in part, on anticipated revenue. Therefore, we may not be able to control spending in a timely manner to compensate for any unexpected revenue shortfall.

 

Our operating results also are affected by the seasonality of the IT products and services industry. We have historically experienced higher sales in our fourth fiscal quarter due to patterns in the capital budgeting, federal government spending and purchasing cycles of end-users. These patterns may not be repeated in subsequent

 

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periods. You should not rely on period-to-period comparisons of our operating results as an indication of future performance. The results of any quarterly period are not indicative of results to be expected for a full fiscal year. In future quarters, our operating results may be below our expectations or those of our public market analysts or investors, which would likely cause our share price to decline. For example, in March 2005, we announced that our revenue and net income for the three months ended February 28, 2005 would be lower than our previously released guidance and, as a result, our share price subsequently declined substantially.

 

We depend on a small number of OEMs to supply the IT products that we sell and the loss of, or a material change in, our business relationship with a major OEM supplier could adversely affect our business, financial position and operating results.

 

Our future success is highly dependent on our relationships with a small number of OEM suppliers. Sales of HP products represented approximately 28% and 25% of our total revenue in fiscal 2007 and 2006, respectively. Our OEM supplier agreements typically are short-term and may be terminated without cause upon short notice. For example, our agreement with HP will expire on May 31, 2009. The loss or deterioration of our relationships with a major OEM supplier, the authorization by OEM suppliers of additional distributors, the sale of products by OEM suppliers directly to our reseller customers and end-users, or our failure to establish relationships with new OEM suppliers or to expand the distribution and supply chain services that we provide OEM suppliers could adversely affect our business, financial position and operating results. In addition, OEM suppliers may face liquidity or solvency issues that in turn could negatively affect our business and operating results.

 

Our business is also highly dependent on the terms provided by our OEM suppliers. Generally, each OEM supplier has the ability to change the terms and conditions of its sales agreements, such as reducing the amount of price protection and return rights or reducing the level of purchase discounts, rebates and marketing programs available to us. From time to time we may conduct business with a supplier without a formal agreement because the agreement has expired or otherwise. In such case, we are subject to additional risk with respect to products, warranties and returns, and other terms and conditions. If we are unable to pass the impact of these changes through to our reseller customers, our business, financial position and operating results could be adversely affected.

 

Our gross margins are low, which magnifies the impact of variations in revenue, operating costs and bad debt on our operating results.

 

As a result of significant price competition in the IT products and services industry, our gross margins are low, and we expect them to continue to be low in the future. Increased competition arising from industry consolidation and low demand for certain IT products may hinder our ability to maintain or improve our gross margins. These low gross margins magnify the impact of variations in revenue, operating costs and bad debt on our operating results. A portion of our operating expenses is relatively fixed, and planned expenditures are based in part on anticipated orders that are forecasted with limited visibility of future demand. As a result, we may not be able to reduce our operating expenses as a percentage of revenue to mitigate any further reductions in gross margins in the future. If we cannot proportionately decrease our cost structure in response to competitive price pressures, our business and operating results could suffer.

 

We also receive purchase discounts and rebates from OEM suppliers based on various factors, including sales or purchase volume and breadth of customers. A decrease in net sales could negatively affect the level of volume rebates received from our OEM suppliers and thus, our gross margins. Because some rebates from OEM suppliers are based on percentage increases in sales of products, it may become more difficult for us to achieve the percentage growth in sales required for larger discounts due to the current size of our revenue base. A decrease or elimination of purchase discounts and rebates from our OEM suppliers would adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

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Because we sell on a purchase order basis, we are subject to uncertainties and variability in demand by our reseller and contract assembly services customers, which could decrease revenue and adversely affect our operating results.

 

We sell to our reseller and contract assembly services customers on a purchase order basis rather than pursuant to long-term contracts or contracts with minimum purchase requirements. Consequently, our sales are subject to demand variability by our reseller and contract assembly services customers. The level and timing of orders placed by our customers vary for a variety of reasons, including seasonal buying by end-users, the introduction of new hardware and software technologies and general economic conditions. Customers submitting a purchase order may cancel, reduce or delay their orders. If we are unable to anticipate and respond to the demands of our reseller and contract assembly services customers, we may lose customers because we have an inadequate supply of products, or we may have excess inventory, either of which may harm our business, financial position and operating results.

 

The success of our contact center business is subject to the terms and conditions of our customer contracts.

 

We provide contact center support services to our customers under contracts with provisions that could impact our profitability. Many of our contracts have short termination provisions which could cause fluctuations in our revenue and operating results from period to period. For example, some contracts have performance related bonus or penalty provisions, whereby we could receive a bonus if we satisfy certain performance levels or have to pay a penalty for failing to do so. In addition, our customers may not guarantee a minimum call volume; however, we hire employees based on anticipated average call volumes. The reduction of call volume, loss of any customers, payment of penalties for failure to meet performance levels or our inability to terminate any unprofitable contracts may have an adverse impact on our operations and financial results.

 

We are subject to the risk that our inventory value may decline, and protective terms under our OEM supplier agreements may not adequately cover the decline in value, which in turn may harm our business, financial position and operating results.

 

The IT products industry is subject to rapid technological change, new and enhanced product specification requirements, and evolving industry standards. These changes may cause inventory on hand to decline substantially in value or to rapidly become obsolete. Most of our OEM suppliers offer limited protection from the loss in value of inventory. For example, we can receive a credit from many OEM suppliers for products held in inventory in the event of a supplier price reduction. In addition, we have a limited right to return a certain percentage of purchases to most OEM suppliers. These policies are subject to time restrictions and do not protect us in all cases from declines in inventory value. In addition, our OEM suppliers may become unable or unwilling to fulfill their protection obligations to us. The decrease or elimination of price protection or the inability of our OEM suppliers to fulfill their protection obligations could lower our gross margins and cause us to record inventory write-downs. If we are unable to manage our inventory with our OEM suppliers with a high degree of precision, we may have insufficient product supplies or we may have excess inventory, resulting in inventory write-downs, either of which may harm our business, financial position and operating results.

 

We depend on OEM suppliers to maintain an adequate supply of products to fulfill customer orders on a timely basis, and any supply shortages or delays could cause us to be unable to timely fulfill orders, which in turn could harm our business, financial position and operating results.

 

Our ability to obtain particular products in the required quantities and to fulfill reseller customer orders on a timely basis is critical to our success. In most cases, we have no guaranteed price or delivery agreements with our OEM suppliers. We occasionally experience a supply shortage of certain products as a result of strong demand or problems experienced by our OEM suppliers. If shortages or delays persist, the price of those products may increase, or the products may not be available at all. In addition, our OEM suppliers may decide to distribute, or to substantially increase their existing distribution business, through other distributors, their own dealer networks,

 

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or directly to resellers. Accordingly, if we are not able to secure and maintain an adequate supply of products to fulfill our reseller customer orders on a timely basis, our business, financial position and operating results may be adversely affected.

 

Because we conduct substantial operations in China, risks associated with economic, political and social events in China could negatively affect our business and operating results.

 

A substantial portion of our IT systems operations, including our IT systems support and software development operations is located in China. In addition, we also conduct general and administrative activities from our facility in China. As of November 30, 2007, we had 699 support personnel located in China. We expect to increase our operations in China in the future. Our operations in China are subject to a number of risks relating to China’s economic and political systems, including:

 

   

a government controlled foreign exchange rate and limitations on the convertibility of the Chinese Renminbi;

 

   

extensive government regulation;

 

   

changing governmental policies relating to tax benefits available to foreign-owned businesses;

 

   

the telecommunications infrastructure;

 

   

a relatively uncertain legal system; and

 

   

uncertainties related to continued economic and social reform.

 

Our IT systems are an important part of our global operations. Any significant interruption in service, whether resulting from any of the above uncertainties, natural disasters or otherwise, could result in delays in our inventory purchasing, errors in order fulfillment, reduced levels of customer service and other disruptions in operations, any of which could cause our business and operating results to suffer.

 

We have pursued and intend to continue to pursue strategic acquisitions or investments in new markets and may encounter risks associated with these activities, which could harm our business and operating results.

 

We have in the past pursued and in the future expect to pursue acquisitions of, or investments in, businesses and assets in new markets, either within or outside the IT products industry, that complement or expand our existing business. Our acquisition strategy involves a number of risks, including:

 

   

difficulty in successfully integrating acquired operations, IT systems, customers, OEM supplier and partner relationships, products and businesses with our operations;

 

   

loss of key employees of acquired operations or inability to hire key employees necessary for our expansion;

 

   

diversion of our capital and management attention away from other business issues;

 

   

increase in our expenses and working capital requirements;

 

   

in the case of acquisitions that we may make outside of the United States, difficulty in operating in foreign countries and over significant geographical distances; and

 

   

other financial risks, such as potential liabilities of the businesses we acquire.

 

Our growth may be limited and our competitive position may be harmed if we are unable to identify, finance and complete future acquisitions. We believe that further expansion may be a prerequisite to our long-term success as some of our competitors in the IT product distribution industry have larger international operations, higher revenues and greater financial resources than us. We have incurred costs and encountered difficulties in

 

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the past in connection with our acquisitions and investments. For example, our operating margins were initially adversely affected as a result of our acquisition of the Redmond Group of Companies, or RGC. Prior to the acquisition, RGC was not a profitable business. Initially, the RGC acquisition caused a negative effect on our operating margins as we integrated RGC’s operations with our business to leverage synergies and consolidate redundant expenses. Future acquisitions may result in dilutive issuances of equity securities, the incurrence of additional debt, large write-offs, a decrease in future profitability, or future losses. The incurrence of debt in connection with any future acquisitions could restrict our ability to obtain working capital or other financing necessary to operate our business. Our recent and future acquisitions or investments may not be successful, and if we fail to realize the anticipated benefits of these acquisitions or investments, our business and operating results could be harmed.

 

Because of the capital-intensive nature of our business, we need continued access to capital, which, if not available to us or if not available on favorable terms, could harm our ability to operate or expand our business.

 

Our business requires significant levels of capital to finance accounts receivable and product inventory that is not financed by trade creditors. If cash from available sources is insufficient, proceeds from our accounts receivable securitization and revolving credit programs are limited or cash is used for unanticipated needs, we may require additional capital sooner than anticipated. In the event we are required, or elect, to raise additional funds, we may be unable to do so on favorable terms, or at all. Our current and future indebtedness could adversely affect our operating results and severely limit our ability to plan for, or react to, changes in our business or industry. We could also be limited by financial and other restrictive covenants in any securitization or credit arrangements, including limitations on our borrowing of additional funds and issuing dividends. Furthermore, the cost of securitization or debt financing could significantly increase in the future, making it cost prohibitive to securitize our accounts receivable or borrow, which could force us to issue new equity securities. If we issue new equity securities, existing stockholders may experience dilution, or the new equity securities may have rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock. If we cannot raise funds on acceptable terms, we may not be able to take advantage of future opportunities or respond to competitive pressures or unanticipated requirements. Any inability to raise additional capital when required could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

The terms of our indebtedness agreements impose significant restrictions on our ability to operate which in turn may negatively affect our ability to respond to business and market conditions and therefore have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

As of November 30, 2007, we had approximately $504.6 million in outstanding short and long-term borrowings under term loans and lines of credit, excluding trade payables. The terms of our current indebtedness agreements limit or restrict, among other things, our ability to:

 

   

incur additional indebtedness;

 

   

pay dividends or make certain other restricted payments;

 

   

consummate certain asset sales or acquisitions;

 

   

enter into certain transactions with affiliates; and

 

   

merge, consolidate or sell, assign, transfer, lease, convey or otherwise dispose of all or substantially all of our assets.

 

We are also required to maintain specified financial ratios and satisfy certain financial condition tests, including minimum net worth and fixed charge coverage ratio as outlined in our senior secured revolving line of credit arrangement. We may be unable to meet these ratios and tests, this could result in the acceleration of the repayment of the related debt, the termination of the facility or the increase in our effective cost of funds. As a result, our ability to operate may be restricted and our ability to respond to business and market conditions may be limited, which could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

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A portion of our revenue is financed by floor plan financing companies and any termination or reduction in these financing arrangements could increase our financing costs and harm our business and operating results.

 

A portion of our product distribution revenue is financed by floor plan financing companies. Floor plan financing companies are engaged by our customers to finance, or “floor,” the purchase of products from us. In exchange for a fee, we transfer the risk of loss on the sale of our products to the floor plan companies. We currently receive payment from these financing companies within approximately 15 to 30 business days from the date of the sale, which allows our business to operate at much lower relative working capital levels than if such programs were not available. If these floor plan arrangements are terminated or substantially reduced, the need for more working capital and the increased financing cost could harm our business and operating results. We have not experienced any termination or significant reduction in floor plan arrangements in the past.

 

We have significant credit exposure to our reseller customers, and negative trends in their businesses could cause us significant credit loss and negatively impact our cash flow and liquidity position.

 

We extend credit to our reseller customers for a significant portion of our sales to them. Resellers have a period of time, generally 30 days after the date of invoice, to make payment. As a result, we are subject to the risk that our reseller customers will not pay for the products they purchase. In addition, our Mexico subsidiary has entered into a contract with a Mexico reseller customer, which involves extended payment terms and could expose us to additional collection risks. Our credit exposure risk may increase due to liquidity or solvency issues experienced by our resellers as a result of an economic downturn or a decrease in IT spending by end-users. If we are unable to collect payment for products we ship to our reseller customers or if our reseller customers are unable to timely pay for the products we ship to them, it will be more difficult or costly to utilize accounts receivable-based financing, which could negatively impact our cash flow and liquidity position.

 

We may suffer adverse consequences from changing interest rates.

 

Our borrowings and securitization arrangements are variable rate obligations that could expose us to interest rate risks. At November 30, 2007, we had approximately $504.6 million in such variable rate obligations. If interest rates increase, our interest expense would increase, which would negatively affect our net income. An increase in interest rates may increase our future borrowing costs and restrict our access to capital.

 

Additionally, market conditions could limit our availability of capital, which could cause increases in interest margin spreads over underlying indexes, effectively increasing the cost of our borrowing. While some of our credit facilities have contractually negotiated spreads, terms such as these are subject to ongoing negotiations.

 

We experienced theft of product from our warehouses and future thefts could harm our operating results.

 

From time to time we have experienced incidents of theft at various facilities. In fiscal 2005 we experienced theft as a result of break-in at one of our warehouses in which approximately $4.0 million of inventory was stolen. Based on our investigation, discussions with local law enforcement and meetings with federal authorities, we believe the thefts at our warehouses were part of an organized crime effort that targeted a number of technology equipment warehouses throughout the United States.

 

We filed a claim with our insurance providers for the amount of the losses, less a small deductible. We have received substantially all of the claimed amounts.

 

These types of incidents may make it more difficult or expensive for us to obtain theft coverage in the future. Also, incidents of theft may re-occur for which we may not be fully insured.

 

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We are dependent on a variety of IT and telecommunications systems, and any failure of these systems could adversely impact our business and operating results.

 

We depend on IT and telecommunications systems for our operations. These systems support a variety of functions; including inventory management, order processing, shipping, shipment tracking, billing, contact center support and web hosting.

 

Failures or significant downtime of our IT or telecommunications systems could prevent us from taking customer orders, printing product pick-lists, shipping products, billing customers, handling call volume or providing web hosting. Sales also may be affected if our reseller customers are unable to access our price and product availability information. We also rely on the Internet, and in particular electronic data interchange, or EDI, for a large portion of our orders and information exchanges with our OEM suppliers and reseller customers. The Internet and individual websites have experienced a number of disruptions and slowdowns, some of which were caused by organized attacks. In addition, some websites have experienced security breakdowns. If we were to experience a security breakdown, disruption or breach that compromised sensitive information, it could harm our relationship with our OEM suppliers or reseller customers. Disruption of our website or the Internet in general could impair our order processing or more generally prevent our OEM suppliers or reseller customers from accessing information. Our contact call center is dependent upon telephone and data services provided by third party telecommunications service vendors and our IT and telecommunications system. Any significant increase in our IT and telecommunications costs or temporary or permanent loss of our IT or telecommunications systems could harm our relationships with our customers. The occurrence of any of these events could have an adverse effect on our operations and financial results.

 

We rely on independent shipping companies for delivery of products, and price increases or service interruptions from these carriers could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

We rely almost entirely on arrangements with independent shipping companies, such as FedEx and UPS, for the delivery of our products from OEM suppliers and delivery of products to reseller customers. Freight and shipping charges can have a significant impact on our gross margin. As a result, an increase in freight surcharges due to rising fuel cost or general price increases will have an immediate adverse effect on our margins, unless we are able to pass the increased charges to our reseller customers or renegotiate terms with our OEM suppliers. In addition, in the past, UPS has experienced work stoppages due to labor negotiations with management. The termination of our arrangements with one or more of these independent shipping companies, the failure or inability of one or more of these independent shipping companies to deliver products, or the unavailability of their shipping services, even temporarily, could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

Changes in foreign exchange rates and limitations on the convertibility of foreign currencies could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

In fiscal 2007 and 2006, approximately 22% and 21%, respectively, of our total revenue was generated outside the United States. Most of our international revenue, cost of revenue and operating expenses are denominated in foreign currencies. We presently have currency exposure arising from both sales and purchases denominated in foreign currencies. Changes in exchange rates between foreign currencies and the U.S. dollar may adversely affect our operating margins. For example, if these foreign currencies appreciate against the U.S. dollar, it will make it more expensive in terms of U.S. dollars to purchase inventory or pay expenses with foreign currencies. This could have a negative impact to us if revenue related to these purchases is transacted in U.S. dollars. In addition, currency devaluation can result in a loss to us if we hold deposits of that currency as well as make our products, which are usually purchased by us with U.S. dollars, relatively more expensive than products manufactured locally. We currently conduct only limited hedging activities, which involve the use of currency forward contracts. Hedging foreign currencies can be risky. There is also additional risk if the currency is not freely or actively traded. Some currencies, such as the Chinese Renminbi and Philippines Peso, are subject to limitations on conversion into other currencies, which can limit our ability to hedge or to otherwise react to rapid foreign currency devaluations. We cannot predict the impact of future exchange rate fluctuations on our business and operating results.

 

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Because of the experience of our key personnel in the IT service industry and their technological expertise, if we were to lose any of our key personnel, it could inhibit our ability to operate and grow our business successfully.

 

We operate in the highly competitive IT service industry. We are dependent in large part on our ability to retain the services of our key senior executives and other technical experts and personnel. Except for Robert Huang, our President and Chief Executive Officer, and James Estill, SYNNEX Canada’s President and Chief Executive Officer, our employees and executives generally do not have employment agreements. Furthermore, we do not carry “key person” insurance coverage for any of our key executives. We compete for qualified senior management and technical personnel. The loss of, or inability to hire, key executives or qualified employees could inhibit our ability to operate and grow our business successfully.

 

We may become involved in intellectual property or other disputes that could cause us to incur substantial costs, divert the efforts of our management, and require us to pay substantial damages or require us to obtain a license, which may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.

 

We may from time to time receive notifications alleging infringements of intellectual property rights allegedly held by others relating to our business or the products we sell or assemble for our OEM suppliers and others. Litigation with respect to patents or other intellectual property matters could result in substantial costs and diversion of management and other resources and could have an adverse effect on our business. Although we generally have various levels of indemnification protection from our OEM suppliers and assembly services customers, in many cases any indemnification to which we may be entitled is subject to maximum limits or other restrictions. In addition, we have developed proprietary IT systems that play an important role in our business. If any infringement claim is successful against us and if indemnification is not available or sufficient, we may be required to pay substantial damages or we may need to seek and obtain a license of the other party’s intellectual property rights. We may be unable to obtain such a license on commercially reasonable terms, if at all.

 

We are from time to time involved in other litigation in the ordinary course of business. We may not be successful in defending these or other claims. Regardless of the outcome, litigation could result in substantial expense and could divert the efforts of our management.

 

We have significant operations concentrated in Northern California, South Carolina, Ontario, Beijing, and the Philippines and any disruption in the operations of our facilities could harm our business and operating results.

 

Our worldwide operations could be subject to natural disasters and other business disruptions, which could seriously harm our revenue and financial condition and increase our costs and expenses. We have significant operations in our facilities located in Fremont, California, Greenville, South Carolina, Ontario, Canada, Beijing, China and Manila, Cagayan De Oro and Davao Philippines. As a result, any prolonged disruption in the operations of our facilities, whether due to technical difficulties, power failures, break-ins, destruction or damage to the facilities as a result of a natural disaster, fire or any other reason, could harm our operating results. In addition, our Philippines operation is at greater risk due to adverse weather conditions, such as typhoons. We currently do not have a formal disaster recovery plan and may not have sufficient business interruption insurance to compensate for losses that could occur.

 

Global health, economic, political and social conditions may harm our ability to do business, increase our costs and negatively affect our stock price.

 

External factors such as potential terrorist attacks, acts of war, geopolitical and social turmoil or epidemics and other similar outbreaks, in many parts of the world could prevent or hinder our ability to do business, increase our costs and negatively affect our stock price. For example, increased instability may adversely impact

 

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the desire of employees and customers to travel, the reliability and cost of transportation, our ability to obtain adequate insurance at reasonable rates or require us to incur increased costs for security measures for our domestic and international operations. These uncertainties make it difficult for us and our customers to accurately plan future business activities. More generally, these geopolitical social and economic conditions could result in increased volatility in the United States and worldwide financial markets and economy. We are predominantly uninsured for losses and interruptions caused by terrorist acts and acts of war.

 

Part of our business is conducted outside of the United States, exposing us to additional risks that may not exist in the United States, which in turn could cause our business and operating results to suffer.

 

We have international operations in Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom. In fiscal 2007 and 2006, approximately 22% and 21%, respectively, of our total revenue was generated outside the United States. In fiscal 2007 and 2006, approximately 19% and 17%, respectively, of our total revenue was generated in Canada. No other country or region accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue. Our international operations are subject to risks, including:

 

   

political or economic instability;

 

   

changes in governmental regulation;

 

   

changes in import/export duties;

 

   

trade restrictions;

 

   

difficulties and costs of staffing and managing operations in certain foreign countries;

 

   

work stoppages or other changes in labor conditions;

 

   

difficulties in collecting of accounts receivable on a timely basis or at all;

 

   

taxes; and

 

   

seasonal reductions in business activity in some parts of the world.

 

We may continue to expand internationally to respond to competitive pressure and customer and market requirements. Establishing operations in any other foreign country or region presents risks such as those described above as well as risks specific to the particular country or region. In addition, until a payment history is established over time with customers in a new geography or region, the likelihood of collecting accounts receivable generated by such operations could be less than our expectations. As a result, there is a greater risk that reserves set with respect to the collection of such accounts receivable may be inadequate. In addition, our Mexico subsidiary has entered into a contract with a Mexico reseller customer, which involves extended payment terms and could expose us to additional collection risks. Further, if our international expansion efforts in any foreign country are unsuccessful, we may decide to cease operations, which would likely cause us to incur similar additional expenses and loss.

 

In addition, changes in policies or laws of the United States or foreign governments resulting in, among other things, higher taxation, currency conversion limitations, restrictions on fund transfers or the expropriation of private enterprises, could reduce the anticipated benefits of our international expansion. Furthermore, any actions by countries in which we conduct business to reverse policies that encourage foreign trade or investment could adversely affect our business. If we fail to realize the anticipated revenue growth of our future international operations, our business and operating results could suffer.

 

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Our recent investments in contact center business could adversely affect our operating results as a result of operation execution risks related to managing and communicating with remote resources, technologies, customer satisfaction and employee turnover.

 

Our contact center business in the Philippines may be adversely impacted if we are unable to manage and communicate with these remote resources. Service quality may be placed at risk and our ability to optimize our resources may be more complicated if we are unable to manage our resources remotely. Contact centers use a wide variety of different technologies to allow them to manage a large volume of work. These technologies ensure that employees are kept productive. Any failure in technology may impact the business adversely. The success of our contact center primarily depends on performance of our employees and resulting customer satisfaction. Any increase in average waiting time or handling time or lack of promptness or technical expertise of our employees will impact directly on customer satisfaction. Any adverse customer satisfaction may impact the overall business. Generally, the employee turnover rate in the contact center business and the risk of losing experienced employees to competitors are high. Higher turnover rates increase recruiting and training costs and decrease operating efficiencies and productivity. If we are unable to successfully manage our contact centers, our results of operations could be adversely affected and we may not realize the benefits of our recent acquisitions.

 

Our recent investment in HiChina Web Solutions could be adversely affected by strong competition, loss of market share and pricing pressure in the market for domain name registration and web hosting services, which we expect will continue to intensify.

 

Our recent investment in HiChina Web Solutions could be adversely impacted due to the market for domain name and web hosting related internet services, which is intensely competitive and rapidly evolving as participants strive to retain their current customer base and attract new customers and improve their competitive position. We may face continued pricing pressure in order to remain competitive, which would adversely impact our revenues and profitability and result in a loss of market share. Further, we may lose market share if we are unable to keep pace with these evolving markets. While we anticipate that the number of new, renewed and transferred-in domain registrations will incrementally increase, volatility in the market could result in our customers turning to other registrars, thereby impairing growth in the number of domains under our management and our ability to sell multiple services to such customers.

 

Risks Related to Our Relationship with MiTAC International

 

As of November 30, 2007, our executive officers, directors and principal stockholders owned approximately 46% of our common stock and this concentration of ownership could allow them to control all matters requiring stockholder approval and could delay or prevent a change in control of SYNNEX.

 

As of November 30, 2007, our executive officers, directors and principal stockholders owned approximately 46% of our outstanding common stock. In particular, MiTAC International and its affiliates, owned approximately 44% of our common stock.

 

In addition, MiTAC International’s interests and ours may increasingly conflict. For example, we rely on MiTAC International for certain manufacturing and supply services and for relationships with certain key customers. As a result of a decrease in their ownership in us, we may lose these services and relationships, which may lead to increased costs to replace the lost services and the loss of certain key customers. We cannot predict the likelihood that we may incur increased costs or lose customers if MiTAC International’s ownership percentage of us decreases in the future.

 

We rely on MiTAC International for certain manufacturing and assembly services and the loss of these services would require us to seek alternate providers that may charge us more for their services.

 

We rely on MiTAC International to manufacture and supply subassemblies and components for some of our contract services customers, including Sun Microsystems, our primary contract assembly services customer, and our reliance on MiTAC International may increase in the future. Our relationship with MiTAC International has

 

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been informal and is not governed by long-term commitments or arrangements with respect to pricing terms, revenue or capacity commitments. Accordingly, we negotiate manufacturing and pricing terms on a project-by-project basis, based on manufacturing services rendered by MiTAC International or us. As MiTAC’s ownership interest in us decreases, MiTAC’s interest in the success of our business and operations may decrease as well. In the event MiTAC International no longer provides such services and components to us, we would need to find an alternative source for these services and components. We may be unable to obtain alternative services and components on similar terms, which may in turn increase our manufacturing costs. In addition, we may not find manufacturers with sufficient capacity, which may in turn lead to shortages in our product supplies. Increased costs and products shortages could harm our business and operating results.

 

Our business relationship with MiTAC International has been and will continue to be negotiated as related parties and therefore may not be the result of arms’-length negotiations between independent parties. Our relationship, including pricing and other material terms with our shared customers or with MiTAC International, may or may not be as advantageous to us as the terms we could have negotiated with unaffiliated third parties. We have a joint sales and marketing agreement with MiTAC International, pursuant to which both parties agree to use their commercially reasonable efforts to promote the other party’s service offerings to their respective customers who are interested in such product offerings. To date, there has not been a significant amount of sales attributable to the joint marketing agreement. This agreement does not provide for the terms upon which we negotiate manufacturing and pricing terms. These negotiations have been on a case-by-case basis. The agreement has an initial term of one year and automatically renews for subsequent one-year terms unless either party provides written notice of non-renewal within 90 days of the end of any renewal term. The agreement may also be terminated without cause either by the mutual written agreement of both parties or by either party without cause upon 90 days prior written notice of termination to the other party. Either party may immediately terminate the agreement by providing written notice (a) of the other party’s material breach of any provision of the agreement and failure to cure within 30 days, or (b) if the other party becomes bankrupt or insolvent. In addition, we are party to a general agreement with MiTAC International and Sun Microsystems under which we work with MiTAC International to provide contract assembly services to Sun Microsystems.

 

Some of our customer relationships evolved from relationships between such customers and MiTAC International and the loss of such relationships could harm our business and operating results.

 

Our relationship with Sun Microsystems and some of our other customers evolved from relationships that were initiated by MiTAC International. Our relationship with Sun Microsystems is a joint relationship with MiTAC International and us, and the future success of our relationship with Sun Microsystems depends on MiTAC International continuing to work with us to service Sun Microsystems’ requirements. The original agreement between Sun Microsystems and MiTAC International was signed on August 28, 1999 and we became a party to the agreement on February 12, 2002. On May 16, 2007, we entered into a new Master Supply Agreement to be effective as of May 1, 2007 with Sun Microsystems and MiTAC International. Pursuant to this new agreement, the terms for the manufacture and purchase of each particular product awarded by Sun Microsystems are individually negotiated and if agreed upon by the parties, such terms are included in a product award letter. There is no minimum level of commitment required by any of the parties under this agreement. As under the prior agreement, we will negotiate manufacturing and pricing terms, on a project-by-project basis with MiTAC International and Sun Microsystems for a given project. All of our contract assembly services to Sun Microsystems will be covered by this agreement. This agreement has a term of three years and is automatically renewed for one-year periods until terminated in accordance with its terms. Any party may terminate this agreement with written notice if one of the other parties materially breaches any provision of the agreement and the breach is incapable of being cured or is not cured within 30 days. This agreement may also be terminated on written notice if one of the other parties becomes bankrupt or insolvent. If we are unable to maintain our relationship with MiTAC International, our relationship with Sun Microsystems could suffer and we could lose other customer relationships or referrals, which in turn could harm our business, financial position and operating results.

 

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There could be potential conflicts of interest between us and affiliates of MiTAC International, which could impact our business and operating results.

 

MiTAC International’s and its affiliates’ continuing beneficial ownership of our common stock could create conflicts of interest with respect to a variety of matters, such as potential acquisitions, competition, issuance or disposition of securities, election of directors, payment of dividends and other business matters. Similar risks could exist as a result of Matthew Miau’s positions as our Chairman, the Chairman of MiTAC International and as a director or officer of MiTAC International’s affiliated companies. For fiscal 2007, Mr. Miau received a retainer of $225,000 from us and was granted a restricted stock award for two thousand shares of our common stock. Compensation payable to Mr. Miau was based upon approval of the Compensation Committee. For fiscal 2008, Mr. Miau will receive a retainer of $225,000 from us and a restricted stock grant of two thousand shares of our common stock. Mr. Miau’s compensation is based upon the approval of the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee which is composed of disinterested members of the Board. We also have adopted a policy requiring material transactions in which any of our directors has a potential conflict of interest to be approved by our Audit Committee which is composed of disinterested members of the Board.

 

Synnex Technology International Corp., or Synnex Technology International, a publicly-traded company based in Taiwan and affiliated with MiTAC International, currently provides distribution and fulfillment services to various markets in Asia and Australia, and is also a potential competitor of ours. Mitac Incorporated, a privately-held company based in Taiwan and a separate entity from MiTAC International, directly and indirectly owns approximately 15.1% of Synnex Technology International and approximately 8.2% of MiTAC International. MiTAC International directly and indirectly owns 0.3% of Synnex Technology International and Synnex Technology International directly and indirectly owns approximately 0.4% of MiTAC International. In addition, MiTAC International directly and indirectly owns approximately 8.8% of Mitac Incorporated and Synnex Technology International directly and indirectly owns approximately 14.1% of Mitac Incorporated. Synnex Technology International indirectly through its ownership of Peer Developments Limited owns approximately 16.7% of our outstanding common stock. Neither MiTAC International nor Synnex Technology International is restricted from competing with us. In the future, we may increasingly compete with Synnex Technology International, particularly if our business in Asia expands or Synnex Technology International expands its business into geographies or customers we serve. Although Synnex Technology International is a separate entity from us, it is possible that there will be confusion as a result of the similarity of our names. Moreover, we cannot limit or control the use of the Synnex name by Synnex Technology International or MiTAC International, and our use of the Synnex name may be restricted as a result of registration of the name by Synnex Technology International or the prior use in jurisdictions where they currently operate.

 

Risks Related to Our Industry

 

Volatility in the IT industry could have a material adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

The IT industry in which we operate has experienced decreases in demand. Softening demand for our products and services caused by an ongoing economic downturn and over-capacity may impact our revenue, as well as problems with the salability of inventory and collection of reseller customer accounts receivable.

 

While in the past we may have benefited from consolidation in our industry resulting from delays or reductions in IT spending in particular, and economic weakness in general, any such volatility in the IT industry could have an adverse effect on our business and operating results.

 

Our business may be adversely affected by some OEM suppliers’ strategies to increase their direct sales, which in turn could cause our business and operating results to suffer.

 

Consolidation of OEM suppliers has resulted in fewer sources for some of the products that we distribute. This consolidation has also resulted in larger OEM suppliers that have significant operating and financial resources. Some OEM suppliers, including some of the leading OEM suppliers that we service, have been selling

 

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a greater volume of products directly to end-users, thereby limiting our business opportunities. If large OEM suppliers continue the trend to sell directly to our resellers, rather than use us as the distributor of their products, our business and operating results will suffer.

 

OEMs are limiting the number of supply chain service providers with which they do business, which in turn could negatively impact our business and operating results.

 

Currently, there is a trend towards reducing the number of authorized distributors used by OEM suppliers. As a smaller market participant in the IT product industries, than some of our competitors, we may be more susceptible to loss of business from further reductions of authorized distributors or contract assemblers by IT product OEMs. For example, the termination of our contract by HP with us would have a significant negative effect on our revenue and operating results. A determination by any of our primary OEMs to consolidate their business with other distributors or contract assemblers would negatively affect our business and operating results.

 

The IT industry is subject to rapidly changing technologies and process developments, and we may not be able to adequately adjust our business to these changes, which in turn would harm our business and operating results.

 

Dynamic changes in the IT industry, including the consolidation of OEM suppliers and reductions in the number of authorized distributors used by OEM suppliers, have resulted in new and increased responsibilities for management personnel and have placed, and continue to place, a significant strain upon our management, operating and financial systems and other resources. We may be unable to successfully respond to and manage our business in light of industry developments and trends. Also crucial to our success in managing our operations will be our ability to achieve additional economies of scale. Our failure to achieve these additional economies of scale or to respond to changes in the IT industry could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

We are subject to intense competition in the IT industry, both in the United States and internationally, and if we fail to compete successfully, we will be unable to gain or retain market share.

 

We operate in a highly competitive environment, both in the United States and internationally. The IT product distribution, business process and contract assembly services industries are characterized by intense competition, based primarily on product availability, credit availability, price, speed of delivery, ability to tailor specific solutions to customer needs, quality and depth of product lines, pre-sale and post-sale technical support, flexibility and timely response to design changes, and technological capabilities, service and support. We compete with a variety of regional, national and international IT product distributors and contract manufacturers and assemblers. In some instances, we also compete with our own customers, our own OEM suppliers and MiTAC International.

 

Our primary competitors are substantially larger and have greater financial, operating, manufacturing and marketing resources than us. Some of our competitors may have broader geographic breadth and range of services than us and may have more developed relationships with their existing customers. We may lose market share in the United States or in international markets, or may be forced in the future to reduce our prices in response to the actions of our competitors and thereby experience a reduction in our gross margins.

 

In addition, in our contact center business, we also face competition from our customers. For example, some of our customers may have internal capability and resources to provide their own call center. Furthermore, pricing pressures and quality of services could impact our business adversely. Our ability to provide a high quality of service is dependent on our ability to retain and properly train our employees and to continue investing in our infrastructure, including IT and telecommunications systems.

 

We may initiate other business activities, including the broadening of our supply chain capabilities, and may face competition from companies with more experience in those new areas. In addition, as we enter new areas of business, we may also encounter increased competition from current competitors or from new competitors,

 

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including some who may once have been our OEM suppliers or reseller customers. Increased competition and negative reaction from our OEM suppliers or reseller customers resulting from our expansion into new business areas may harm our business and operating results.

 

Compliance with changing regulation of corporate governance and public disclosure may result in additional expenses.

 

Changing laws, regulations and standards relating to corporate governance and public disclosure, including the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, regulations and New York Stock Exchange, or NYSE, rules, are creating uncertainty for companies such as ours. These new or changed laws, regulations and standards are subject to varying interpretations in many cases due to their lack of specificity, and as a result, their application in practice may evolve over time as new guidance is provided by regulatory and governing bodies, which could result in continuing uncertainty regarding compliance matters and higher costs necessitated by ongoing revisions to disclosure and corporate governance practices. As a result, our efforts to comply with evolving laws, regulations and standards have resulted in, and are likely to continue to result in, increased general and administrative expenses and a diversion of management time and attention from revenue-generating activities to compliance activities. In particular, our ongoing efforts to comply with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the related regulations regarding our management’s required assessment of our internal control over financial reporting and our independent registered public accounting firm’s attestation of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting have required the commitment of significant financial and managerial resources. We expect these efforts to require the continued commitment of significant resources. If our efforts to comply with new or changed laws, regulations and standards differ from the activities intended by regulatory or governing bodies due to ambiguities related to practice, our reputation may be harmed.

 

While we believe that we currently have adequate internal control over financial reporting, we are exposed to risks from legislation requiring companies to evaluate those internal controls.

 

Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 requires our management to report on, and our independent registered public accounting firm to attest to, the effectiveness of our internal control structure and procedures for financial reporting. We completed an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007, and we have an ongoing program to perform the system and process evaluation and testing necessary to continue to comply with these requirements. We expect to continue to incur increased expense and to devote additional management resources to Section 404 compliance. In the event that our chief executive officer, chief financial officer or independent registered public accounting firm determines that our internal control over financial reporting is not effective as defined under Section 404, investor perceptions and our reputation may be adversely affected and the market price of our stock could decline.

 

Changes to financial accounting standards may affect our results of operations and cause us to change our business practices.

 

We prepare our financial statements to conform to generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP. These accounting principles are subject to interpretation by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, the SEC and various bodies formed to interpret and create appropriate accounting policies. A change in those policies can have a significant effect on our reported results and may affect our reporting of transactions completed before a change is announced. Changes to those rules or the questioning of current practices may adversely affect our reported financial results or the way we conduct our business.

 

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Risks Related to Our Common Stock

 

Our common stock has been subject to substantial price and volume fluctuations due to a number of factors, some of which are beyond our control.

 

Share prices and trading volumes for many distribution and contract assembly services related companies fluctuate widely for a number of reasons, including some reasons which may be unrelated to their businesses or results of operations. This market volatility, as well as general domestic or international economic, market and political conditions, could materially adversely affect the price of our common stock without regard to our operating performance. In addition, our operating results may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors. If this were to occur, the market price of our common stock would likely decrease.

 

Significant fluctuations in the market price of our common stock could result in securities class action claims against us, which could seriously harm our operating results.

 

Securities class action claims have been brought against companies in the past where volatility in the market price of that company’s securities has taken place. This kind of litigation could be very costly and divert our management’s attention and resources, and any adverse determination in this litigation could also subject us to significant liabilities, any or all of which could adversely affect our business and operating results.

 

Anti-takeover provisions in our certificate of incorporation may make it more difficult for someone to acquire us in a hostile takeover.

 

Our Board of Directors has the authority to issue up to 5,000,000 shares of preferred stock and to determine the price, rights, preferences, privileges and restrictions, including voting rights, of those shares without any further vote or action by our stockholders. The rights of the holders of our common stock will be subject to, and may be adversely affected by, the rights of the holders of any preferred stock that we may issue in the future. The issuance of preferred stock, while providing flexibility in connection with possible acquisitions and other corporate purposes, could have the effect of making it more difficult for a third-party to acquire a majority of our outstanding voting shares.

 

In addition, our certificate of incorporation contains certain provisions that, together with the ownership position of our officers, directors and their affiliates, could discourage potential takeover attempts and make attempts by stockholders to change management more difficult, which could adversely affect the market price of our common stock.

 

If securities or industry analysts do not publish research or reports about our business, our stock price and trading volume could decline.

 

The trading market for our common stock will depend on the research and reports that industry or securities analysts publish about us or our business. We do not have any control over these analysts. If one or more of the analysts who covers us were to downgrade our stock, our stock price would likely decline. If one or more of these analysts ceases coverage of our Company or fails to regularly publish reports on us, we could lose visibility in the financial markets, which in turn could cause our stock price or trading volume to decline.

 

We are subject to additional rules and regulations as a public company, which will increase our administration costs which, in turn, could harm our operating results.

 

As a public company, we incur significant legal, accounting and other expenses. In addition, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, as well as rules subsequently implemented by the SEC, has required changes in corporate governance practices of public companies. In addition to final rules and rule proposals already made by the SEC, the NYSE has adopted revisions to its requirements for companies that are NYSE-listed. These rules and regulations have increased our legal and financial compliance costs, and made some activities more time

 

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consuming or costly. These rules and regulations could make it more difficult and more expensive for us to obtain director and officer liability insurance, and we may be required to accept reduced coverage or incur substantially higher costs to obtain coverage. These rules and regulations could also make it more difficult for us to attract and retain qualified members of our Board of Directors, particularly to serve on our audit committee, and qualified executive officers.

 

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

 

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

 

Our principal executive offices are located in Fremont, California. We operate more than 40 distribution, assembly and administrative facilities in six different countries. We lease each of these facilities, except a 62,500 square foot sales and marketing facility in Greenville, South Carolina, a 620,000 square foot distribution and administrative center in Guelph, Ontario, a 100,000 square foot distribution center in Markham, Ontario, Canada, a 40,435 square foot administrative facility in Beijing, China and a 124,400 square foot administrative and assembly facility in Telford, the United Kingdom, which we own. In the United States, we operate 20 principal facilities with a total area of approximately 1.6 million square feet of space. Leases for our current facilities expire between January 2008 and February 2014. Our principal distribution facilities are located in Keasbey, New Jersey, Memphis, Tennessee, Chicago, Illinois and Guelph, Ontario. We have sublet unused portions of some of our facilities. We believe our facilities are well maintained and adequate for current operating needs.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

 

We are from time to time involved in legal proceedings, including the following:

 

In May 2002, Seanix Technology Inc. filed a trademark infringement action in the Federal Court of Canada against us and our Canadian subsidiary, SYNNEX Canada Limited. The suit claims that we have infringed on Seanix’s exclusive rights to its Canadian trademark registration and caused confusion between the two companies resulting from, among other things, our use of trademarks confusingly similar to the Seanix trademarks. The complaint seeks injunctive relief and monetary damages in an amount to be determined. Substantial discovery has taken place; however, no trial date has been set.

 

In addition, we have been involved in various bankruptcy preference actions where we were a supplier to the companies now in bankruptcy. These preference actions are filed by the bankruptcy trustee on behalf of the bankrupt estate and generally seek to have payments made by the debtor within 90 days prior to the bankruptcy returned to the bankruptcy estate for allocation among all of the bankruptcy estate’s creditors. We are not aware of any currently pending preference actions.

 

From time to time, we are also involved in legal proceedings in the ordinary course of business.

 

We do not believe that these proceedings will have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or cash flows of our business.

 

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

 

None.

 

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Executive Officers of the Registrant

 

The following table sets forth information regarding our executive officers as of November 30, 2007:

 

Name

   Age   

Position

Robert Huang    62    President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
Peter Larocque    46    President, U.S. Distribution
Jim Estill    50    President and Chief Executive Officer, SYNNEX Canada Limited
Dennis Polk    41    Chief Operating Officer
Thomas Alsborg    45    Chief Financial Officer
Simon Leung    42    General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

 

Robert Huang founded our Company in 1980 and serves as President, Chief Executive Officer and Director. Prior to founding our Company, Mr. Huang served as the Headquarters Sales Manager of Advanced Micro Devices, a semiconductor company. Mr. Huang received his Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from Kyushyu University, Japan, Master of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Statistics from the University of Rochester and a Master of Science degree in Management Science from the Sloan School of Management at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

 

Peter Larocque is our President, U.S. Distribution since July 2006 and previously served as Executive Vice President of Distribution since June 2001, Senior Vice President of Sales and Marketing from September 1997 until June 2001. Mr. Larocque is responsible for our U.S. distribution business. Mr. Larocque received a Bachelor of Science degree in Economics from the University of Western Ontario, Canada.

 

Jim Estill joined SYNNEX Canada Limited in September 2004 as President and Chief Executive Officer after the acquisition of EMJ Data Systems Limited by SYNNEX Canada. Mr. Estill founded EMJ in 1979 and was President and Chief Executive Officer of EMJ. Mr. Estill received a Bachelor of Science degree in Systems Design Engineering and a Professional Engineering degree from the University of Waterloo, Ontario.

 

Dennis Polk is our Chief Operating Officer and served in this capacity since July 2006 and previously served as Chief Financial Officer and Senior Vice President of Corporate Finance since joining us in February 2002. Mr. Polk received a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from Santa Clara University and is a Certified Public Accountant.

 

Thomas Alsborg is our Chief Financial Officer. He joined us in March 2007. Prior to SYNNEX, Mr. Alsborg was with Solectron Corporation where he served in various accounting and finance capacities over his ten-year tenure including Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of Solectron Global Services, Vice President of Finance and Vice President, Investor Relations. Prior to Solectron, Mr. Alsborg was with McDonald’s Corporation and a CPA with Ernst & Young LLP. Mr. Alsborg received a Bachelor of Science degree in Accounting from the Oral Roberts University, a Master in Business Administration, Finance and International Business from Santa Clara University and is a Certified Public Accountant.

 

Simon Leung is our General Counsel and Corporate Secretary and has served in this capacity since May 2001. Mr. Leung joined us in November 2000 as Corporate Counsel. From December 1999 to November 2000, Mr. Leung was an attorney at the law firm of Paul, Hastings, Janofsky & Walker LLP. From May 1995 to December 1999, Mr. Leung was an attorney at the former law firm of Fotenos & Suttle, P.C. Mr. Leung received a Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of California, Davis and his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Minnesota Law School.

 

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PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters

 

Our common stock, par value $0.001, is traded on the NYSE under the symbol “SNX.” The following table sets forth the range of high and low sales prices for our common stock for each of the periods listed, as reported by the NYSE.

 

     Price Range of
Common Stock
     Low    High

Fiscal 2006

         

First Quarter

   $ 15.11    $ 19.09

Second Quarter

   $ 16.90    $ 19.76

Third Quarter

   $ 16.20    $ 23.00

Fourth Quarter

   $ 20.94    $ 23.87

Fiscal 2007

         

First Quarter

   $ 18.83    $ 23.25

Second Quarter

   $ 17.74    $ 22.25

Third Quarter

   $ 19.44    $ 21.53

Fourth Quarter

   $ 19.66    $ 23.00

 

As of February 1, 2008, our common stock was held by 514 stockholders of record. Because many of the shares of our common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we are unable to estimate the total number of beneficial owners represented by these stockholders of record. We have not declared or paid any cash dividends since our inception. We currently intend to retain future earnings, if any, for use in our operations and the expansion of our business. If we elect to pay cash dividends in the future, payment will depend on our financial condition, results of operations and capital requirements, as well as other factors deemed relevant by our Board of Directors. In addition, our credit facilities place restrictions on our ability to pay dividends.

 

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Stock Price Performance Graph

 

The stock price performance graph below, which assumes a $100 investment on November 25, 2003, compares our cumulative total shareowner return, the NYSE Composite Index and the Standard Industrial Classification, or SIC, Code Index (SIC Code 5045—Computer and Computer Peripheral Equipment and Software) for the period beginning November 25, 2003 through November 30, 2007. The closing price per share of our common stock was $20.66 on November 30, 2007. No cash dividends have been declared on our common stock since the initial public offering. The comparisons in the table are required by the SEC and are not intended to forecast or be indicative of possible future performance of our common stock.

 

LOGO

 

     Fiscal Years Ending
     11/25/2003    11/28/2003    11/30/2004    11/30/2005    11/30/2006    11/30/2007

SYNNEX Corporation

   100.00    100.35    150.70    110.21    159.93    145.49

Computers & Peripheral Equipment

   100.00    100.00    121.62    112.58    129.92    119.18

NYSE Market Index

   100.00    100.00    114.68    127.65    148.46    163.39

 

Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans

 

Information regarding the Securities Authorized for Issuance under Equity Compensation Plans can be found under Item 12 of this Report.

 

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Item 6. Selected Consolidated Financial Data

 

The following selected consolidated financial data are qualified by reference to, and should be read together with, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in Item 7 of this report and the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 8 of this Report. The selected consolidated statements of operations and cash flow data presented below for the fiscal years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of November 30, 2007 and 2006 have been derived from our audited consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report. The consolidated statements of operations and other data for the fiscal years ended November 30, 2004 and 2003 and the consolidated balance sheet data as of November 30, 2005, 2004 and 2003 have been derived from our consolidated financial statements that are not included in this Report. The consolidated statements of operations data include the operating results from our acquisitions from the closing date of each acquisition. Historical operating results are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period. Please see “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and Note 2 and Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this Report for a discussion of factors, such as business combinations, that affect the comparability of the following selected consolidated financial data.

 

    Fiscal Years Ended November 30,  
    2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
    (in thousands, except per share data)  

Statements of Operations Data:

         

Revenue

  $ 7,004,120     $ 6,343,514     $ 5,640,769     $ 5,150,447     $ 3,944,886  

Cost of revenue

    (6,648,738 )     (6,058,155 )     (5,402,211 )     (4,935,075 )     (3,766,518 )
                                       

Gross profit

    355,382       285,359       238,558       215,372       178,368  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

    (243,235 )     (189,117 )     (159,621 )     (137,712 )     (121,352 )
                                       

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items and income taxes

    112,147       96,242       78,937       77,660       57,016  

Interest expense and finance charges, net

    (14,874 )     (16,659 )     (17,036 )     (7,959 )     (7,007 )

Other income (expense), net

    1,393       570       1,559       (900 )     (3,478 )
                                       

Income from operations before income taxes and minority interest

    98,666       80,153       63,460       68,801       46,531  

Provision for income taxes

    (35,167 )     (28,320 )     (23,912 )     (23,091 )     (17,090 )

Minority interest in a subsidiary

    (372 )     (448 )     58       376       267  
                                       

Income from continuing operations

    63,127       51,385       39,606       46,086       29,708  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

    —         —         511       479       288  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

    —         —         12,708       —         —    
                                       

Net income

  $ 63,127     $ 51,385     $ 52,825     $ 46,565     $ 29,996  
                                       

Net income per common share, basic:

         

Income from continuing operations

  $ 2.04     $ 1.73     $ 1.39     $ 1.73     $ 1.34  

Discontinued operations

    —         —         0.46       0.01       0.02  
                                       

Net income per common share, basic:

  $ 2.04     $ 1.73     $ 1.85     $ 1.74     $ 1.36  
                                       

Net income per common share, diluted:

         

Income from continuing operations

  $ 1.93     $ 1.61     $ 1.27     $ 1.53     $ 1.21  

Discontinued operations

    —         —         0.43       0.02       0.01  
                                       

Net income per common share, diluted:

  $ 1.93     $ 1.61     $ 1.70     $ 1.55     $ 1.22  
                                       
    November 30,  
    2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
    (in thousands)  

Balance Sheet Data:

         

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 42,875     $ 27,881     $ 13,636     $ 28,726     $ 22,079  

Working capital

    419,708       416,865       350,529       316,935       217,397  

Total assets

    1,887,103       1,382,734       1,082,488       999,697       789,928  

Current borrowings under term loans and lines of credit

    351,142       50,834       28,548       74,996       69,464  

Long-term borrowings

    37,537       47,967       1,153       13,074       8,134  

Total stockholder’s equity

    604,554       511,546       437,225       369,656       252,814  
    Fiscal Years Ended November 30,  
    2007     2006     2005     2004     2003  
    (in thousands)  
Other Data:          

Depreciation and amortization

  $ 15,765     $ 9,781     $ 8,778     $ 7,845     $ 7,412  

 

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Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following discussion and analysis of the Company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with “Selected Consolidated Financial Data” and the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes included elsewhere in this Report.

 

When used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K (the “Report”), the words “believes,” “plans,” “estimates,” “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “allows,” “can,” “will,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These are statements that relate to future periods and include statements about our services, economic and industry trends, thefts at our warehouses, gross margin, selling, general and administrative expense, our estimates regarding our capital requirements and our needs for additional financing, concentration of products and customers, expenses related to the expansion of our operations, our strategic acquisitions of businesses and assets, effect of future expansion on our operations, critical accounting policy effects, impact of new accounting pronouncements, use of our working capital, and statements regarding our securitization program and sources of revenue. Forward-looking statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, those risks discussed below, as well as the seasonality of the buying patterns of our customers, the concentration of sales to large customers, dependence upon and trends in capital spending budgets in the IT industry and fluctuations in general economic condition and the risks set forth above under Item 1A, “Risk Factors.” These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date hereof. We expressly disclaim any obligation or undertaking to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based.

 

Overview

 

We are a Fortune 500 Corporation and a leading business process services company, serving resellers and original equipment manufacturers, or OEMs, in multiple regions around the world. We provide services in IT distribution, supply chain management, contract assembly and business process outsourcing, or BPO. Our BPO services solutions include: demand generation, pre-sales support, product marketing, print and fulfillment, back office outsourcing and post-sales technical support.

 

We bring synergy to our customers’ business process services requirements. By bringing supply chain management, contract assembly and distribution expertise together under one service provider, the result is high quality products built at a lower cost with industry-leading components and delivered on time. Our business model is flexible and modular to accommodate the specific needs of our customers. To further enhance our business process services solutions, we provide value-added support services such as demand generation, pre-sales support, product marketing, print and fulfillment, back office outsourcing and post-sales technical support.

 

We combine our core strengths in demand generation, IT distribution, supply chain management, and contract assembly to provide our customers greater efficiencies in time to market, cost minimization, real-time linkages in the supply chain and aftermarket product support. We distribute approximately 15,000 (as measured by active SKUs) technology products from more than 100 IT OEM suppliers to more than 15,000 resellers throughout the United States, Canada and Mexico. We employ over 6,000 employees worldwide and operate in the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom. From a geographic perspective, approximately 97% of our total revenue was from North America for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007.

 

We purchase IT systems, peripherals, system components, packaged software and networking equipment from OEM suppliers such as HP, Panasonic, IBM, Intel and Lenovo and sell them to our reseller customers. We perform the same function for our purchases of licensed software products. Our reseller customers include value-added resellers, or VARs, corporate resellers, government resellers, system integrators, direct marketers and retailers. Our largest OEM supplier, HP, accounted for approximately 28% of our total revenue for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007.

 

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The IT distribution and contract assembly industries in which we operate are characterized by low gross profit as a percentage of revenue, or gross margin, and low income from operations as a percentage of revenue, or operating margin. As well, the market for IT products and services is generally characterized by declining unit prices and short product life cycles. We set our sales price based on the market supply and demand characteristics for each particular product or bundle of products we distribute and services we provide.

 

Our revenue is highly dependent on the end-market demand for IT products and services. This end-market demand is influenced by many factors including the introduction of new IT products and software by OEMs, replacement cycles for existing IT products, overall economic growth and general business activity. A difficult and challenging economic environment may also lead to consolidation or decline in the IT industry and increased price-based competition.

 

Revenue and Cost of Revenue

 

We derive our revenue primarily through the distribution of IT systems, peripherals, system components, software, networking equipment, assembly services and business process outsourcing services, or BPO. We recognize revenue generally as products are shipped, if a purchase order exists, the sale price is fixed or determinable, collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured, risk of loss and title have transferred and product returns are reasonably estimable. Shipping terms are typically F.O.B. our warehouse. Provisions for sales returns are estimated based on historical data and are recorded concurrently with the recognition of revenue. We review and adjust these provisions periodically. Revenue is reduced for early payment discounts and volume incentive rebates offered to customers.

 

We provide our BPO services to our customers under contracts that typically consist of a master services agreement or statement of work, which contains the terms and conditions of each program and service we offer. Our agreements are usually short-term, subject to earlier termination by our customers or us for any reason, typically with 30 to 90 days notice.

 

None of our customers accounted for more than 10% of our total revenue in fiscal 2007, 2006 or 2005. Approximately 28%, 25%, and 28% of our total revenue in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively, was derived from the sale of HP products.

 

The market for IT products is generally characterized by declining unit prices and short product life cycles. Our overall business is also highly competitive on the basis of price. We set our sales price based on the market supply and demand characteristics for each particular product and service we provide to our customers. From time to time, we also participate in the incentive and rebate programs of our OEM suppliers. These programs are important determinants of the final sales price we charge to our reseller customers. To mitigate the risk of declining prices and obsolescence of our distribution inventory, our OEM suppliers generally offer us limited price protection and return rights for products that are marked down or discontinued by them. We carefully manage our inventory to maximize the benefit to us of these supplier provided protections.

 

A significant portion of our cost of revenue is the purchase price we pay our OEM suppliers for the products we sell, net of any rebates and purchase discounts received from our OEM suppliers. Cost of product distribution revenue also consists of provisions for inventory losses and write-downs, and freight expenses associated with the receipt in and shipment out of our inventory. In addition, cost of revenue includes the cost of materials, labor and overhead for our contract assembly and BPO services.

 

Margins

 

The IT product industry in which we operate is characterized by low gross profit as a percentage of revenue, or gross margin, and low income from operations as a percentage of revenue, or operating margin. Our gross margin has fluctuated between 4.2% and 5.1% annually over the past three years due to changes in the mix of

 

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products and services we offer, customers we sell to, competition, seasonality, replacing less profitable business with investments in higher margin, more profitable lines such as supplies, technology solutions and consumer electronics and the general economic environment. Increased competition arising from industry consolidation and low demand for IT products may hinder our ability to maintain or improve our gross margin. Generally, when our revenue becomes more concentrated on limited products or customers, our gross margin tends to decrease due to increased pricing pressure from OEM suppliers or reseller customers. Our operating margin has also fluctuated between 1.4% and 1.6% annually over the past three years, based primarily on our ability to achieve economies of scale, the management of our operating expenses, changes in the relative mix of our distribution and contract assembly revenue and the timing of our acquisitions and investments.

 

Recent Acquisitions and Divestitures

 

We seek to augment our services offering growth with strategic acquisitions of businesses and assets that complement and expand our business process capabilities. We also divest businesses that we deem not strategic to our ongoing operations. Our historical acquisitions have brought us new reseller customers and OEM suppliers, extended the geographic reach of our operations, particularly in international markets, and expanded the services we provide to our OEM suppliers and customers. We account for acquisitions using the purchase method of accounting and include acquired entities within our consolidated financial statements from the closing date of the acquisition.

 

During the fiscal year ended November 30, 2007, we completed the following acquisitions:

 

On February 20, 2007, we acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of Link2Support, Inc. based in Manila, Philippines for approximately $25.0 million in cash. The acquisition agreement allows for an earnout payment of an additional $5.0 million to be paid if certain milestones are met in the first year after the acquisition. As of November 30, 2007, the conditions for the earn-out have not been met. Link2Support is a technical support and contact center that delivers voice, e-mail and technical chat support as well as other value-added services. The Link2Support acquisition is consistent with our strategy to broaden our business process service offerings and increases our contact center expertise. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $7.9 million, intangible assets was $3.1 million, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $14.0 million has been recognized as goodwill.

 

On February 27, 2007, we acquired the assets of PC Wholesale, a division of Insight Direct USA, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Insight Enterprises, Inc. We paid a purchase price of $28.9 million in cash. PC Wholesale is an IT distributor with special focus on end-of-life and refurbished equipment that is complementary to our core distribution business. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $18.9 million, intangible assets was $2.9 million, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $7.1 million has been recognized as goodwill.

 

On April 5, 2007, we purchased approximately 86% of the equity interest in China Civilink (Cayman) for $30.0 million in cash. The acquisition agreement provides for a payment of up to $2.0 million to the then selling shareholders, if certain milestones are met at December 31, 2007. We are in the process of evaluating whether the milestones were achieved. China Civilink (Cayman) operates in China as HiChina Web Solutions. HiChina Web Solutions, which is based in Beijing, China, provides internet services such as domain name registration and web hosting. The acquisition of HiChina Web Solutions further supports our strategy to grow our business process service offerings by providing access to an established customer base in China. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $5.2 million, intangible assets was $3.0 million, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $21.8 million has been recognized as goodwill.

 

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On May 1, 2007, our Canadian subsidiary, SYNNEX Canada Limited, or SYNNEX Canada, acquired substantially all of the assets of the Redmond Group of Companies, or RGC, including AVS Technologies, an independent distributor of consumer electronics. Total consideration for the purchased assets, net of assumed debt of $11.9 million, was approximately $29.3 million in cash and transaction cost of $0.2 million. Of this amount, approximately $3.1 million is payable subject to confirmation of net tangible assets acquired, primarily related to accounts receivable and inventory. The acquisition agreement allows for an additional $0.4 million to be paid if certain milestones are met in the first 13 months following the closing date. The acquisition of RGC further supports SYNNEX Canada’s expansion in its consumer electronics distribution. The RGC business has been fully integrated within SYNNEX Canada. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net assets acquired was $11.9 million and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $17.4 million has been recognized as goodwill. At the time of the acquisition of RGC, we determined that this was not a significant acquisition. However, upon further review, we determined that it was a significant acquisition, and accordingly, a Form 8-K reporting for the RGC acquisition was filed.

 

The following unaudited pro forma financial information combines the consolidated results of operations as if the acquisition of RGC had occurred as of the beginning of the periods presented. Pro forma adjustments include only the effects of events directly attributable to transactions that are factually supportable and expected to have a continuing impact. The pro forma results contained in the table below include pro forma adjustment for additional finance charges related to the financing of the purchase consideration of the acquisition. The pro forma results may not reflect the future performance as we are integrating the business with our current operations.

 

     Pro forma Basis for Fiscal Year Ended
     November 30, 2007    November 30, 2006
     (in thousands)

Revenue

   $ 7,050,925    $ 6,592,621

Net Income (1)

   $ 59,091    $ 29,382

Earnings Per Share:

     

Basic

   $ 1.91    $ 0.99

Diluted

   $ 1.81    $ 0.92

 

(1) Net income for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2006 includes an impairment loss on goodwill and intangible assets of $16.5 million prior to our acquisition of RGC.

 

The above acquisitions, excluding RGC individually and in the aggregate did not meet the conditions of a material business combination and they were not subject to the disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations.” The consolidated financial statements include the operating results of each business from the date of acquisition. The allocation of purchase price in the above acquisitions is preliminary and the estimates and assumptions used are subject to change. We are continuing to evaluate the allocation of purchase price to net tangible and identifiable intangible assets and do not expect the final allocation of purchase price to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Building Acquisition

 

On March 9, 2007, SYNNEX Canada completed the purchase of a new logistics facility in Guelph, Canada. The facility is six hundred and twenty thousand square feet. The total purchase price for this facility was approximately $12.5 million. As of fiscal year end, SYNNEX Canada has substantially completed its plan for consolidating multiple existing Ontario area facilities in Canada into this facility.

 

During the fiscal year ended November 30, 2006, we completed the following acquisitions:

 

On April 28, 2006, we acquired the assets of the Telpar distribution segment of Peak Technologies, Inc., or Telpar, for approximately $3.3 million. Telpar sold auto-ID, data capture and point of sales products and

 

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services. The Telpar business has been fully integrated within our distribution business. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value.

 

On June 9, 2006, we acquired substantially all of the assets of Azerty United Canada ink, a toner distribution business of United Stationers Supply Company, or Azerty, for approximately $14.3 million. The Azerty acquisition strengthens our position in printer supplies distribution in Canada. The Azerty business has been fully integrated within our Canadian operations. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired of $1.3 million has been recognized as goodwill and $114,000 has been recognized as intangible assets.

 

On September 14, 2006, our wholly owned subsidiary, BSA Sales, LLC, or BSA Sales, acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of Concentrix Corporation or Concentrix based in Rochester, New York for approximately $8.0 million. Concentrix is an integrated marketing company that provides call center, database analysis, and print on demand services to customers in the transportation, publishing, banking, healthcare and technology industries. Concentrix’s business strategy complements and expands our resources and capabilities of our demand generation business. The acquisition agreement allowed for an earn out payment of $2.5 million to be paid if certain milestones were met in the first 120 days after the acquisition. The defined milestones were not achieved and no earn out payment was paid on this transaction. We have accounted for the acquisition of capital stock as a purchase and accordingly the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired of $4.2 million has been recognized as goodwill and $3.8 million has been recognized as intangible assets. The valuation of the identifiable intangible assets acquired was based on management’s estimates using a valuation report prepared by an independent third party. The Concentrix and BSA Sales operations have been merged under the name of Concentrix Corporation effective December 1, 2006.

 

Restructuring Charges

 

In fiscal 2005, we announced a restructuring program, which impacted approximately 35 employees across multiple business functions in SYNNEX Canada and closed its facilities in Richmond, British Columbia, Calgary, Alberta and Saint-Laurent, Quebec. All terminations were completed by May 31, 2005. In fiscal 2005, we closed the facility in Markham, Ontario. This restructuring resulted in a total expense of $2.5 million, which consisted of employee termination benefits of $0.7 million, estimated facilities exit expenses of $1.7 million and other expenses in the amount of $0.1 million. All charges were recorded in accordance with SFAS No. 146, “Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities.”

 

In fiscal 2007, in connection with the acquisition of RGC we announced a restructuring program in Canada. The measures, which included workforce reductions, facilities consolidation and other related expenses, are intended to align our capacity and infrastructure, and utilize synergies within the business to provide more cost effective services to our customers. During fiscal 2007 we accrued $2.4 million in restructuring costs against goodwill related to the RGC acquisition in Canada under Emerging Issues Task Force 95-3 “Recognition of Liabilities in Connection with a Purchase Business Combination.” These charges are primarily associated with facilities consolidation of $1.1 million, workforce reductions of $0.7 million and contract termination costs of $0.6 million. These items are subject to change based on the actual costs incurred. Changes to these estimates could increase or decrease the amount of the purchase price allocated to goodwill.

 

In fiscal 2007, we recorded $2.7 million for the restructuring, impairment and consolidation of our Canadian operations as a result of the acquisition of RGC and the purchase of our logistics facility in Guelph, Canada in March 2007. These charges were primarily associated with $1.1 million for facilities consolidation, $0.5 million for workforce reductions, and $0.3 million for other costs. All charges were recorded in accordance with SFAS No. 146, “Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities.” The majority of all non-continuing employees’ terminations were completed by the end of November 30, 2007.

 

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In conjunction with the above restructuring, we recorded an impairment loss of $0.8 million for a property located in Ontario, Canada which is held for sale based on the fair value less costs to sell in accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” The net book value of the property was $2.1 million at November 30, 2007.

 

Economic and Industry Trends

 

Our revenue is highly dependent on the end-market demand for IT products. This end-market demand is influenced by many factors including the introduction of new IT products and software by OEMs, replacement cycles for existing IT products and overall economic growth and general business activity. A difficult and challenging economic environment may also lead to consolidation or decline in the IT distribution industry and increased price based competition. The BPO industry is extremely competitive. The customers’ performance measures are based on competitive pricing terms and quality of services. Accordingly, we could be subject to pricing pressure and may experience a decline in our average selling prices for our services.

 

Seasonality

 

Our operating results are affected by the seasonality of the IT products industry. We have historically experienced higher sales in our fourth fiscal quarter due to patterns in the capital budgeting, federal government spending and purchasing cycles of our customers and end-users. These patterns may not be repeated in subsequent periods.

 

Deferred Compensation Plan

 

We have a deferred compensation plan for a limited number of our directors and employees. We maintain a liability on our balance sheet for salary and bonus amounts deferred by participants and we accrue interest expense on unpaid amounts. Interest expense on the deferred amounts is classified in “Interest expense and finance charges, net” on our consolidated statement of operations. The plan allows for the participants to direct investments of deferred amounts in equity securities and other investments. The equity securities are classified as trading securities. The gains (losses) on the deferred compensation equity securities are recorded in “Other income (expense), net” and an equal amount is charged (or credited if losses) to “Selling, general and administrative expenses” relating to compensation amounts which are payable to the plan participants. Deferred compensation expense was $0.4 million, $1.1 million and $1.6 million in fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The discussions and analyses of our consolidated financial condition and results of operations are based on our consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of any contingent assets and liabilities at the financial statement date, and reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. On an ongoing basis, we review and evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including those that relate to accounts receivable, vendor programs, inventories, goodwill and intangible assets, share-based compensation, income taxes, and contingencies and litigation. Our estimates are based on our historical experience and a variety of other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making our judgment about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily available from other sources. Actual results could differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

 

We believe the following critical accounting policies are affected by our judgment, estimates and/or assumptions used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements.

 

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Revenue Recognition. We recognize revenue generally as products are shipped, if a purchase order exists, the sale price is fixed or determinable, collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured, risk of loss and title have transferred and product returns are reasonably estimable. Shipping terms are typically F.O.B. our warehouse. Provisions for sales returns are estimated based on historical data and are recorded concurrently with the recognition of revenue. These provisions are reviewed and adjusted periodically by us. Revenue is reduced for early payment discounts and volume incentive rebates offered to customers.

 

We purchase licensed software products from original OEM vendors and distribute them to customers. Revenue is recognized upon shipment of software products when a purchase order exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured. Subsequent to the sale of software products, we generally have no obligation to provide any modification, customization, upgrades, enhancements, or any other post-contract customer support.

 

Our Mexico operation entered into a multi-year contract to sell equipment to a contractor that provides equipment and services to the Mexican government. Under the agreement, the Mexican government makes payments into our account. The payments on this contract by the Mexican government are generally due on a monthly basis and are contingent upon the contractor continuing to provide services to the government. We recognize product revenue and cost of revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract.

 

We provide our BPO services to clients under contracts that typically consist of a master services agreement or statement of work, which contains the terms and conditions of each program and service we offer. Revenue is generally recognized over the terms and duration of the contract if the service has already been rendered, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts. We provide allowances for doubtful accounts on our accounts receivable for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make payments for outstanding balances. In estimating the required allowance, we take into consideration the overall quality and aging of the accounts receivable, credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and existence of credit insurance. We also evaluate the collectability of accounts receivable based on specific customer circumstances, current economic trends, historical experience with collections and value and adequacy of collateral received from customers.

 

OEM Supplier Programs . We receive funds from OEM suppliers for inventory price protection, product rebates, marketing and infrastructure reimbursement, and promotion programs. Product rebates are recorded as a reduction of cost of revenue. Marketing, infrastructure and promotion programs are recorded, net of direct costs, in selling, general and administrative expense. Any excess funds associated with these programs are recorded in cost of revenue. We accrue rebates based on the terms of the program and sales of qualifying products. Some of these programs may extend over one or more quarterly reporting periods. Amounts received or receivable from OEM suppliers that are not yet earned are deferred on our balance sheet. Actual rebates may vary based on volume or other sales achievement levels, which could result in an increase or reduction in the estimated amounts previously accrued. In addition, if market conditions were to deteriorate due to an economic downturn, OEM suppliers may change the terms of some or all of these programs or cease them altogether. Any such change could lower our gross margins on products we sell or revenue earned. We also provide reserves for receivables on OEM supplier programs for estimated losses resulting from OEM suppliers’ inability to pay, or rejections of such claims by OEM suppliers.

 

Inventories . Our inventory levels are based on our projections of future demand and market conditions. Any sudden decline in demand and/or rapid product improvements and technological changes can cause us to have excess and/or obsolete inventories. On an ongoing basis, we review for estimated obsolete or unmarketable inventories and write-down our inventories to their estimated net realizable value based upon our forecasts of future demand and market conditions. These write-downs are reflected in our cost of revenue. If actual market conditions are less favorable than our forecasts, additional inventory reserves may be required. Our estimates are influenced by the following considerations: sudden decline in demand due to economic downturns, rapid product improvements and technological changes, our ability to return to OEM suppliers a certain percentage of our purchases, and protection from loss in value of inventory under our OEM supplier agreements.

 

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Goodwill, Intangible Assets and Other Long-Lived Assets . We assess potential impairment of our goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets when there is evidence that recent events or changes in circumstances have made recovery of an asset’s carrying value unlikely. We also assess potential impairment of our goodwill, intangible assets and other long-lived assets on an annual basis. If indicators of impairment were present in intangible assets used in operations and future cash flows were not expected to be sufficient to recover the assets’ carrying amount, an impairment loss would be charged to expense in the period identified. The amount of an impairment loss would be recognized as the excess of the asset’s carrying value over its fair value. Factors we consider important, which may cause an impairment include: significant changes in the manner of use of the acquired asset, negative industry or economic trends, and significant underperformance relative to historical or projected operating results.

 

Income Taxes . As part of the process of preparing our consolidated financial statements, we have to estimate our income taxes in each of the taxing jurisdictions in which we operate. This process involves estimating our current tax expense together with assessing any temporary differences resulting from the different treatment of certain items, such as the timing for recognizing revenue and expenses, for tax and accounting purposes, as well as estimating foreign tax credits. These differences may result in deferred tax assets and liabilities, which are included in our consolidated balance sheet. We are required to assess the likelihood that our deferred tax assets, which include net operating loss carry forwards and temporary differences that are expected to be deductible in future years, will be recoverable from future taxable income or other tax planning strategies. If recovery is not likely, we have to provide a valuation allowance based on our estimates of future taxable income in the various taxing jurisdictions, and the amount of deferred taxes that are ultimately realizable. The provision for current and deferred taxes involves evaluations and judgments of uncertainties in the interpretation of complex tax regulations by various taxing authorities. Actual results could differ from our estimates.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following table sets forth, for the indicated periods, data as percentages of revenue:

 

     Fiscal Years Ended
November 30,
 
     2007     2006     2005  

Statements of Operations Data:

      

Revenue

   100.00 %   100.00 %   100.00 %

Cost of revenue

   (94.93 )   (95.50 )   (95.77 )
                  

Gross profit

   5.07     4.50     4.23  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

   (3.47 )   (2.98 )   (2.83 )
                  

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items and income taxes

   1.60     1.52     1.40  

Interest expense and finance charges, net

   (0.21 )   (0.26 )   (0.30 )

Other income, net

   0.02     0.01     0.03  
                  

Income from operations before income taxes and minority interest

   1.41     1.27     1.13  

Provision for income taxes

   (0.50 )   (0.45 )   (0.43 )

Minority interest in a subsidiary

   (0.01 )   (0.01 )   —    
                  

Income from continuing operations

   0.90     0.81     0.70  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

   —       —       0.01  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

   —       —       0.23  
                  

Net income

   0.90 %   0.81 %   0.94 %
                  

 

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Fiscal Years Ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005

 

Revenue.

 

     Year Ended November 30,    Percent Change  
     2007    2006    2005    2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)    (in thousands)    (in thousands)             

Revenue

   $ 7,004,120    $ 6,343,514    $ 5,640,769    10.4 %   12.5 %

 

The increase in our revenue year over year was primarily attributable to continued growth in our business in the United States and Canada, overall increased demand for our products and services, increased selling and marketing efforts and the contribution from our acquisitions made during fiscal years 2007 and 2006.

 

The fiscal 2006 increase in revenue from fiscal 2005 is due to our focus on our enterprise solutions and consumer electronics divisions, partially offset by a decline in revenue from our contract assembly services.

 

These increases were somewhat mitigated by continued significant competition in the IT distribution marketplace, vendor direct sales models, and our desire to focus on operating income growth before revenue growth.

 

Gross Profit.

 

     Year Ended November 30,     Percent Change  
     2007     2006     2005     2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)     (in thousands)     (in thousands)              

Gross profit

   $ 355,382     $ 285,359     $ 238,558     24.5 %   19.6 %

Percentage of revenue

     5.07 %     4.50 %     4.23 %   12.7 %   6.4 %

 

Our gross profit is affected by a variety of factors, including competition, the mix and average selling prices of products and services we sell, the mix of customers to whom we sell, our sources of revenue by division, rebate and discount programs from our suppliers, freight costs, reserves for inventory losses, fluctuations in revenue and overhead costs of our contract assembly and BPO services.

 

The increase in gross profit as a percentage of revenue in fiscal 2007 over fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively, was mainly due to the continued focus on improving all aspects of gross profit within our business, customer and product mix, gross margin contributions from our acquisitions over the past year, and our increased value-added service offerings.

 

Selling, General and Administrative Expenses.

 

     Year Ended November 30,     Percent Change  
     2007     2006     2005     2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)     (in thousands)     (in thousands)              

Selling, general and administrative expenses

   $ 243,235     $ 189,117     $ 159,621     28.6 %   18.5 %

Percentage of revenue

     3.47 %     2.98 %     2.83 %   16.4 %   5.3 %

 

Our selling, general and administrative expenses consist primarily of salaries, commissions, bonuses, and related expenses for personnel engaged in sales, product marketing, business process services operations and administration. Selling, general and administrative expenses also include share-based compensation expense, deferred compensation expense or income, temporary personnel fees, costs of our facilities, utility expense, professional fees, depreciation expense on our capital equipment, bad debt expense, amortization expense on our intangible assets and marketing expenses, offset by reimbursements from OEM suppliers.

 

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Selling, general and administrative expenses increased in fiscal 2007, both on a dollar basis as well as percentage of revenue due to additional expense incurred from our recent acquisitions, the costs to integrate these acquisitions into our business, the duplicative costs of operating multiple overlapping facilities in Canada during consolidation of these facilities, restructuring charges of $2.7 million in connection with the acquisition of RGC and increased share-based compensation expenses.

 

Selling, general and administrative expenses increased in fiscal 2006 from the prior year both on a dollar basis as well as percentage of revenue, primarily as a result of incremental expenses associated with our increased revenue, an increase in headcount for new and existing business initiatives, share-based compensation expense and additional expenses associated with our acquisitions and integration of Telpar, Azerty and Concentrix. These increases were partially offset by a $2.5 million restructuring charge that was incurred in fiscal 2005.

 

Income from Continuing Operations before Non-Operating Items, Income Taxes and Minority Interest.

 

     Year Ended November 30,     Percent Change  
     2007     2006     2005     2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)     (in thousands)     (in thousands)              

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items and income taxes

   $ 112,147     $ 96,242     $ 78,937     16.5 %   21.9 %

Percentage of revenue

     1.60 %     1.52 %     1.40 %   5.54 %   8.42 %

 

Our income from operations before non operating items, income taxes and minority interest as a percentage of revenue increased to 1.60% in fiscal 2007 from 1.52% and 1.40% in fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively, primarily due to the increase in revenue as well as the increase in gross margin slightly offset by increases in selling, general and administrative expenses.

 

Interest Expense and Finance Charges, Net.

 

     Year Ended November 30,    Percent Change  
     2007    2006    2005    2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)    (in thousands)    (in thousands)             

Interest expense and finance charges, net

   $ 14,874    $ 16,659    $ 17,036    (10.7 )%   (2.2 )%

 

Amounts recorded in interest expense and finance charges, net, are primarily due to interest expense paid on our lines of credit, other debt, fees associated with third party accounts receivable flooring arrangements and the sale of accounts receivable through our securitization facility, offset by income earned on our excess cash investments and financing income from our Mexico operation.

 

The decrease in interest expense and finance charges, net, in fiscal 2007 from fiscal 2006 and 2005, was due to long-term project business we engaged in with one of our customers in Mexico. The primary return from this business is interest income resulting from long-term financing of computer hardware sold to our customer and is reflected in our net financing cost for the year. This income amount was partially offset by an increase in finance charges and interest expenses due to an overall higher interest rate environment, higher borrowings due to increased business and increased long-term debt due to the long-term project in Mexico.

 

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Other Income, Net.

 

     Year Ended November 30,    Percent Change  
     2007    2006    2005    2007 to 2006     2006 to 2005  
     (in thousands)    (in thousands)    (in thousands)             

Other income, net

   $ 1,393    $ 570    $ 1,559    144.4 %   (63.4 )%

 

Amounts recorded in other income, net, include foreign currency transaction gains and losses, investment gains and losses, including those in our deferred compensation plan and other non-operating gains and losses.

 

The increase in other income, net in fiscal 2007 from fiscal 2006 is due to net foreign exchange gains of $0.5 million in 2007 compared to a $0.4 million loss in 2006.

 

The decrease in other income, net, in fiscal 2006 as compared to fiscal 2005, was primarily due to a decrease in marketable securities income of $0.5 million and foreign exchange loss of $0.4 million.

 

Provision for Income Taxes.

 

Income taxes consist of our current and deferred tax expense resulting from our income earned in domestic and foreign jurisdictions.

 

Our effective tax rate was 35.6% in fiscal 2007 as compared with an effective tax rate of 35.3% in fiscal 2006. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2007 was slightly higher than in fiscal 2006, primarily due to usage of all net operating loss carry forwards at our Mexico operation and profit mix from various geographies offset by a $1.1 million one time tax credit resulting from conclusion of a Canadian tax audit.

 

Our effective tax rate was 35.3% in fiscal 2006 as compared with effective tax rate of 37.7% in fiscal 2005. The effective tax rate in fiscal 2006 was lower than fiscal 2005, primarily due to higher profit in lower tax jurisdictions and the utilization of previously unrecognized net operating loss carry forwards at our Mexico operation due to its profitability in fiscal 2006.

 

Minority Interest.

 

On April 5, 2007, we acquired a controlling interest in China Civilink (Cayman), which operates in China as HiChina Web Solutions. Minority interest is the portion of earnings from operations from HiChina Web Solutions, attributable to others.

 

Minority interest in fiscal 2006 and 2005, respectively, was the portion of earnings from operations from our subsidiary in Mexico attributable to others. In November 2006, we purchased the remaining interest in our Mexico operation from our minority shareholders.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Cash Flows

 

Our business is working capital intensive. Our working capital needs are primarily to finance accounts receivable and inventory. We rely heavily on debt, accounts receivable flooring programs and the sale of our accounts receivable under our securitization programs for our working capital needs.

 

We have financed our growth and cash needs to date primarily through working capital financing facilities, bank credit lines and cash generated from operations. The primary uses of cash have been to fund increases in inventory and accounts receivable resulting from increased sales, and for acquisitions.

 

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To increase our market share and better serve our customers, we may further expand our operations through investments or acquisitions. We expect that such expansion would require an initial investment in personnel, facilities and operations, which may be more costly than similar investments in current operations. As a result of these investments, we may experience an increase in cost of sales and operating expenses that is disproportionate to revenue from those operations. These investments or acquisitions would likely be funded primarily by incurring additional debt or issuing common stock.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $152.7 million in fiscal 2007. Cash used in operating activities in fiscal 2007 was primarily attributable to the net increase in accounts receivable of $321.9 million, a decrease in deferred liabilities of $29.6 million and an decrease in payable to affiliates of $22.5 million offset by an increase in accounts payables of $71.4 million, a decrease in other assets of $38.3 million, depreciation and amortization of $15.8 million, and net income of $63.1 million.

 

The increase in accounts receivable of $321.9 million is primarily due to a change in terms in our U.S. securitization arrangement during the first quarter of fiscal 2007 which resulted in accounts receivable transacted in our U.S. securitization arrangement being classified as on-balance sheet transactions versus the prior quarter when they were classified as off-balance sheet.

 

Net cash used in operating activities was $5.9 million in fiscal 2006. Cash used in operating activities in fiscal 2006 was primarily attributable to the net increase in other assets of $150.9 million, increase in inventories of $92.4 million offset by increase in deferred liabilities of $118.9 million, net income of $51.4 million, depreciation and amortization of $9.8 million, share-based compensation of $3.7 million and excess tax benefits from stock options of $0.9 million. The increase in deferred liabilities and assets was a result of our multi year contract from our Mexico contract from our Mexico operation.

 

Prior to adopting SFAS No. 123(R), we presented all tax benefits resulting from the exercise of stock options as cash flows from operating activities in the consolidated statement of cash flows. SFAS No. 123(R), requires cash flows resulting from excess tax benefits to be classified as a part of cash flows from financing activities. As a result of adopting SFAS No. 123(R), $2.1 million and $6.0 million of excess of tax benefits for the years ended November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, have been reported as a cash inflow from financing activities.

 

Net cash provided by operating activities was $11.2 million in fiscal 2005. Cash provided by operating activities in fiscal 2005 was primarily attributable to net income of $52.8 million and depreciation and amortization of $8.8 million, increases in accounts payable and payables to affiliates of $69.0 million offset by increase in inventories of $102.0 million.

 

The classification of the cash flows for the purchase and proceeds from the sale of short-term investments deemed as trading securities has been corrected to present the cash flows as operating activity versus investing activity for the fiscal years ended November 30, 2006 and 2005, respectively. A total of $15.3 million for purchases of trading securities and $28.4 million from the sale of trading securities were shown as cash flows from investing activity for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2006. A total of $1.9 million for purchases of trading securities and $5.8 million from the sale of trading securities were shown as cash flows from investing activity for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2005. We have concluded that the correction was not material to the financial statements in prior periods and to the interim financial statements based on SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin: No. 99-Materiality.

 

Net cash used in investing activities was $136.6 million in fiscal 2007, $37.4 million in fiscal 2006 and $11.6 million in fiscal 2005. Cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2007 was primarily due to the acquisition of Link2Support, PC Wholesale, HiChina Web Solutions and RGC for $106.8 million in total, capital expenditures of $22.8 million and increase in restricted cash of $4.1 million. Cash used in investing activities in fiscal 2006 was primarily for the acquisition of Azerty, Telpar and Concentrix for $21.3 million in total, capital

 

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expenditures of $7.9 million and increase in restricted cash of $8.1 million. The use of cash in fiscal 2005 was primarily the result of a $3.0 million investment in Microland, the final payments for the acquisitions of EMJ and BSA Sales, Inc. of $4.8 million and capital expenditures of $5.9 million, partially offset by a decrease in restricted cash of $2.0 million.

 

Net cash provided by financing activities was $309.3 million in fiscal 2007, and was primarily related to net proceeds from securitization arrangements, bank loans and our revolving line of credit of $286.1 million, bank overdraft of $14.7 million and proceeds from issuance of common stock of $6.3 million. Net cash provided by financing activities was $58.6 million in fiscal 2006 and was a result of net proceeds from bank loans and lines of credit of $61.7 million, primarily associated with borrowings for our Mexico operation, proceeds from issuances of common stock of $11.2 million and a tax benefit of $6.0 million due to the adoption of SFAS No. 123(R), offset by a cash overdraft of $20.3 million. Net cash used in financing activities of $13.6 million in fiscal 2005 was primarily due to the net repayment of borrowings under our credit facilities of $43.6 million, offset by cash overdraft of $22.1 million and proceeds from issuance of common stock of $9.0 million.

 

Capital Resources

 

Our cash and cash equivalents totaled $42.9 million and $27.9 million at November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. We will have sufficient resources to meet our present and future working capital requirements for the next twelve months, based on our financial strength and performance, existing sources of liquidity, available cash resources and funds available under our various borrowing arrangements.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We have a one-year revolving accounts receivable securitization program in Canada through SYNNEX Canada, or Canadian Arrangement, which provides for the sale of U.S. and Canadian trade accounts receivable or Canadian Receivables to a financial institution. SYNNEX Canada amended its one-year revolving Canadian Arrangement on April 30, 2007, to increase its availability to sell a maximum of C$125.0 million of Canadian Receivables from the previous level of C$100.0 million. In connection with the Canadian Arrangement, SYNNEX Canada sells its Canadian Receivables to the financial institution on a fully-serviced basis. The effective discount rate of the Canadian Arrangement is the prevailing Bankers’ Acceptance rate of return or prime rate in Canada plus 0.45% per annum. To the extent that cash was received in exchange, the amount of Canadian Receivables sold to the financial institution has been recorded as a true sale, in accordance with SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities.” In connection with this Canadian Arrangement, we issued a guarantee of SYNNEX Canada’s performance under the Canadian Arrangement. The amount of our accounts receivable sold to and held by the financial institutions under our Canadian Arrangement totaled $115.9 million and $70.8 million as of November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

 

We have also issued guarantees to certain vendors and lenders of our subsidiaries for an aggregate amount of $206.1 million as of November 30, 2007 and $148.1 million as of November 30, 2006. We are obligated under these guarantees to pay amounts due should our subsidiaries not pay valid amounts owed to their vendors or lenders. The vendor guarantees are typically less than one-year arrangements, with 30-day cancellation clauses and the lender guarantees are typically for the term of the loan agreement.

 

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On Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

We primarily finance our U.S. operations with an accounts receivable securitization program or the U.S. Arrangement. We amended our original U.S. Arrangement on February 12, 2007, to increase our ability to sell up to a maximum of $350.0 million in U.S. trade account receivables, or U.S. Receivables, from the previous level of $275.0 million, based upon eligible trade receivables. We extended the maturity date of the U.S. Arrangement from August 2008 to February 2011. The effective borrowing cost under the U.S. Arrangement is a blend of the prevailing dealer commercial paper rate and LIBOR plus 0.55% per annum. Prior to amending the U.S. Arrangement in February 2007, we recorded the previous U.S. Arrangement as an off-balance sheet transaction because we funded our advances by selling undivided ownership interests in the accounts receivable. The amended U.S. Arrangement requires us to account for this transaction as an on-balance sheet transaction because we fund our borrowings by pledging all of our rights, title and interest in and to the U.S. Receivables as security. The balance outstanding and pledged on the U.S. Arrangement as of November 30, 2007 was $299.9 million.

 

As is customary in trade accounts receivable securitization arrangements, a credit rating agency’s downgrade of the third-party issuer of commercial paper or of a back-up liquidity provider (which provides a source of funding if the commercial paper market cannot be accessed) could result in an adverse change or loss of our financing capacity under these programs if the commercial paper issuer or liquidity back-up provider is not replaced. Loss of such financing capacity could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

 

We amended our senior secured revolving line of credit arrangement, or the Revolver, with a group of financial institutions, in February 2007. The Revolver is secured by our inventory and other assets and expires in 2011. The Revolver’s maximum commitment was amended from $45.0 million to $100.0 million. Interest on borrowings under the Revolver is based on the financial institution’s prime rate or LIBOR plus 1.50% at our option. The borrowings outstanding under the Revolver were $10.9 million at November 30, 2007 and $27.1 million at November 30, 2006.

 

SYNNEX Canada amended its established revolving line of credit arrangement on April 30, 2007 to increase its credit limit from C$20.0 million to C$30.0 million. The revolving credit facility expires in January 2010. Interest on this facility is based on the Canadian adjusted prime rate. The balance outstanding as of November 30, 2007 was $17.5 million and as of November 30, 2006, there was no balance outstanding. In connection with this revolving credit facility, we issued a guarantee of SYNNEX Canada’s obligations.

 

SYNNEX Canada obtained a credit facility with HSBC Bank Canada to allow us to issue documentary letters of credit up to a maximum of C$30.0 million for validity up to 180 days on September 6, 2007. The letters of credit are issued to secure purchases of inventory from manufacturers and to finance import activities. This facility can be used for the issuance of a letter of guarantee up to a maximum amount of C$2.0 million available in Canadian and U.S. dollars for a maximum of two business days to repay draws under letter of credits or letter of guarantee.

 

Our Mexico subsidiary, SYNNEX Mexico S.A. de C.V., or SYNNEX Mexico, established a secured term loan agreement, or Term Loan, with a group of financial institutions in May 2006. The interest rate for any unpaid principal amount is the Equilibrium Interbank Interest Rate, plus 2.00% per annum. The final maturity date for repayment of all unpaid principal is November 24, 2009. The amounts outstanding, under the Term Loan as of November 30, 2007 and 2006 were $47.9 million and $70.4 million, respectively. The Term Loan contains customary financial covenants. In connection with this Term Loan, we issued a guarantee of SYNNEX Mexico’s obligations.

 

We have other lines of credit and revolving facilities with financial institutions, which provide for borrowing capacity aggregating approximately $13.4 million and $10.8 million at November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. At November 30, 2007 and 2006, we had borrowings of $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively, outstanding under these facilities. We also have various term loans, short-term borrowings and mortgages with

 

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financial institutions totaling approximately $12.4 million and $1.2 million at November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The expiration dates of these facilities range from 2008 to 2017. Future principal payments due under these term loans and mortgages, and payments due under our operating lease arrangements after November 30, 2007 are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Payments Due by Period
     Total    Less than
1 Year
   1 - 3
Years
   3 - 5
Years
   > 5
Years

Contractual Obligations

              

Principal debt payments

   $ 388,679    $ 351,142    $ 27,604    $ 1,335    $ 8,598

Interest on debt

     8,915      3,995      2,300      989      1,631

Non-cancelable operating leases

     82,089      15,634      29,576      27,672      9,207
                                  

Total

   $ 479,683    $ 370,771    $ 59,480    $ 29,996    $ 19,436
                                  

 

We are in compliance with all material covenants or other requirements set forth in our accounts receivable financing programs related to the U.S. and Canadian Arrangements discussed above.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes- an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109,” or FIN 48. FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with FASB Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes,” and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for the financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. FIN 48 is effective for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006 and will be applicable to us in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. We are currently evaluating the effect of FIN 48 on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements,” or SFAS No. 157. SFAS No. 157 provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. It also responds to investors’ requests for expanded information about the extent to which companies’ measure assets and liabilities at fair value, the information used to measure fair value, and the effect of fair value measurements on earnings. SFAS No. 157 applies whenever other standards require (or permit) assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value, and does not expand the use of fair value in any new circumstances. SFAS No. 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and is required to be adopted by us in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. We are currently evaluating the effect of SFAS No. 157 on our consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities—including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115,” which permits entities to elect to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently required to be measured at fair value. This election is irrevocable. SFAS No. 159 will be effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. We are currently evaluating whether we will elect to adopt SFAS No. 159.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations,” or SFAS 141R. SFAS 141R establishes principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree and the goodwill acquired. SFAS 141R also establishes disclosure requirements to enable the evaluation of the nature and financial effects of the business combination. SFAS 141R is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008, and will be adopted by us in the first quarter of fiscal 2010. We are currently evaluating the potential impact, if any, of the adoption of SFAS 141R on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

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In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements—an amendment of Accounting Research Bulletin No. 51,” or SFAS 160. SFAS 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. SFAS 160 also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS 160 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008, and will be adopted by us in the first quarter of fiscal 2010. We are currently evaluating the potential impact, if any, of the adoption of SFAS 160 on our consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

Foreign Currency Risk

 

We are exposed to foreign currency risk in the ordinary course of business. We hedge cash flow exposures for our major countries using a combination of forward contracts. Principal currencies hedged are the British pound, Canadian dollar, Philippine peso and Mexican peso. These instruments are generally short-term in nature, with typical maturities of less than one year. We do not hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading purposes.

 

The following table presents the hypothetical changes in fair values in our outstanding derivative instruments at November 30, 2007 and 2006 that are sensitive to the changes in foreign currency exchange rates. The modeling technique used measures the change in fair values arising from an instantaneous strengthening or weakening of the U.S. dollar by 5%, 10% and 15% (in thousands). Although we do not apply hedge accounting to our forward contracts, our foreign exchange contracts are marked-to-market and any material gains and losses on our hedge contracts resulting from a hypothetical, instantaneous change in the strength of the U.S. dollar would be significantly offset by mark-to-market gains and losses on the corresponding assets and liabilities being hedged.

 

     Loss on Derivative Instruments
Given a Weakening of U.S. dollar
by X Percent
    Gain (Loss)
Assuming No
Change in
Exchange Rate
   Gain on Derivative
Instruments Given a
Strengthening of U.S. dollar
by X Percent
     15%     10%     5%        5%    10%    15%

Forward contracts at November 30, 2007

   $ (12,992 )   $ (8,185 )   $ (3,880 )   $ 2,330    $ 3,519    $ 6,728    $ 9,670

Forward contracts at November 30, 2006

   $ (6,369 )   $ (4,003 )   $ (1,892 )   $ 363    $ 1,706    $ 3,250    $ 4,654

 

Interest Rate Risk

 

During the last two years, the majority of our debt obligations have been short-term in nature and the associated interest obligations have floated relative to major interest rate benchmarks. While we have not used derivative financial instruments to alter the interest rate characteristics of our investment holdings or debt instruments in the past, we may do so in the future.

 

A 150 basis points increase or decrease in rates at November 30, 2007 would not result in any material change in the fair value of our obligation. The following tables present the hypothetical interest expense related to our outstanding borrowings for the years ended November 30, 2007 and 2006 that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The modeling technique used measures the interest expense arising from hypothetical parallel shifts in the respective countries’ yield curves, of plus or minus 5%, 10% and 15% for the years ended November 30, 2007 and 2006 (in thousands).

 

     Interest Expense Given an Interest
Rate Decrease by X Percent
   Actual Interest
Expense Assuming
No Change in
Interest Rate
   Interest Expense Given an Interest
Rate Increase by X Percent
     15%    10%    5%       5%    10%    15%

SYNNEX U.S.

   $ 14,892    $ 15,768    $ 16,644    $ 17,520    $ 18,396    $ 19,272    $ 20,148

SYNNEX Mexico

     3,798      4,021      4,245      4,468      4,692      4,915      5,138

SYNNEX Canada

     933      988      1,043      1,098      1,153      1,207      1,262

SYNNEX UK

     9      10      10      11      11      12      12
                                                

Total for the year ended November 30, 2007

   $ 19,632    $ 20,787    $ 21,942    $ 23,097    $ 24,252    $ 25,406    $ 26,560
                                                

 

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     Interest Expense Given an Interest
Rate Decrease by X Percent
   Actual Interest
Expense Assuming
No Change in
Interest Rate
   Interest Expense Given an Interest
Rate Increase by X Percent
     15%    10%    5%       5%    10%    15%

SYNNEX U.S

   $ 3,554    $ 3,763    $ 3,972    $ 4,181    $ 4,390    $ 4,599    $ 4,808

SYNNEX Mexico

     5,588      5,917      6,245      6,574      6,903      7,231      7,560

SYNNEX Canada

     75      79      84      88      93      97      101

SYNNEX UK

     5      5      5      5      6      6      6
                                                

Total for the year ended November 30, 2006

   $ 9,222    $ 9,764    $ 10,306    $ 10,848    $ 11,392    $ 11,933    $ 12,475
                                                

 

Equity Price Risk

 

The equity price risk associated with our marketable equity securities at November 30, 2007 and 2006 is not material in relation to our consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flow. Marketable equity securities include shares of common stock. The investments are classified as either trading or available-for-sale securities. Securities classified as trading are recorded at fair market value, based on quoted market prices and unrealized gains and losses are included in results of operations. Securities classified as available-for-sale are recorded at fair market value, based on quoted market prices and unrealized gains and losses are included in other comprehensive income. Realized gains and losses, which are calculated based on the specific identification method, are recorded in operations as incurred.

 

During the second quarter of fiscal 2005, we sold approximately 93% of the equity we held in our subsidiary, SYNNEX K.K. to MCJ, in exchange for 25,809 shares of MCJ. Our remaining equity interest in SYNNEX K.K. is accounted for under the cost method, as we do not have significant influence over either MCJ or SYNNEX K.K. In order to reduce the risk of holding the MCJ shares, we entered into forward contracts to sell MCJ shares for fixed prices in April 2006. As of November 30, 2005, such contracts covered 100% of the MCJ shares held by us and these contracts had a value of $22,609. As of November 30, 2006, there were no outstanding forward contracts.

 

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Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

INDEX

 

     Page

Consolidated Financial Statements of SYNNEX Corporation

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   47

Consolidated Balance Sheets as of November 30, 2007 and 2006

   49

Consolidated Statements of Operations for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005

   50

Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity and Comprehensive Income for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005

   51

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005

   52

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   53

Selected Quarterly Consolidated Financial Data (Unaudited)

   84

Financial Statement Schedule

  

Schedule II: Valuation and Qualifying Accounts for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005

   85

 

Financial statement schedules not listed above are either omitted because they are not applicable or the required information is shown in the Consolidated Financial Statements or in the Notes thereto.

 

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Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

To the Board of Directors and Shareholders

of SYNNEX Corporation

 

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements listed in the accompanying index present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of SYNNEX Corporation and its subsidiaries at November 30, 2007 and November 30, 2006, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended November 30, 2007 in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. In addition, in our opinion, the financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein when read in conjunction with the related consolidated financial statements. Also in our opinion, the Company maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of November 30, 2007, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). The Company’s management is responsible for these financial statements and financial statement schedule, for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, included in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 9A. Our responsibility is to express opinions on these financial statements, on the financial statement schedule, and on the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our integrated audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement and whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audits of the financial statements included examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, and evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. Our audit of internal control over financial reporting included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, and testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk. Our audits also included performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinions.

 

As discussed in Note 14 to the consolidated financial statements, effective December 1, 2005 the Company changed its method of accounting for share-based payments.

 

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

 

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

 

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As described in Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting, management has excluded Link2Support, Inc. and China Civilink (Cayman) from its assessment of internal control over financial reporting as of November 30, 2007 because they were acquired by the Company in a purchase business combination during 2007. We have also excluded Link2Support, Inc. and China Civilink (Cayman) from our audit of internal control over financial reporting. Link2Support, Inc. and China Civilink (Cayman) are subsidiaries whose total assets and total revenues represent 4% and 1%, respectively, of the related consolidated financial statement amounts as of and for the year ended November 30, 2007.

 

/s/    PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

 

PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP

San Jose, California

February 11, 2008

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except for par value)

 

     November 30,
2007
   November 30,
2006

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 42,875    $ 27,881

Short-term investments

     17,257      13,271

Accounts receivable, net

     729,797      363,437

Receivable from vendors, net

     96,035      95,080

Receivable from affiliates

     9,790      1,855

Inventories

     642,524      594,642

Deferred income taxes

     18,612      17,994

Current deferred assets

     14,478      13,990

Other current assets

     16,859      9,887
             

Total current assets

     1,588,227      1,138,037

Property and equipment, net

     59,440      36,698

Goodwill

     96,350      30,144

Intangible assets, net

     21,590      18,444

Deferred income taxes

     5,416      6,716

Long-term deferred assets

     97,171      139,111

Other assets

     18,909      13,584
             

Total assets

   $ 1,887,103    $ 1,382,734
             

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Current liabilities:

     

Borrowings under securitization, term loans and lines of credit

   $ 351,142    $ 50,834

Accounts payable

     588,801      462,480

Payable to affiliates

     67,334      89,831

Accrued liabilities

     120,617      81,818

Current deferred liabilities

     35,522      29,516

Income taxes payable

     5,103      6,693
             

Total current liabilities

     1,168,519      721,172

Long-term borrowings

     37,537      47,967

Long-term liabilities

     14,533      10,131

Long-term deferred liabilities

     60,565      90,686

Deferred income taxes

     437      1,232
             

Total liabilities

     1,281,591      871,188
             

Minority interest in a subsidiary

     958      —  
             

Commitments and contingencies (Note 19)

     —        —  

Stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 5,000 shares authorized, no shares issued or outstanding

     —        —  

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 100,000 shares authorized, 31,328 and 30,477 shares issued and outstanding

     31      30

Additional paid-in capital

     196,128      181,188

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     28,939      13,999

Retained earnings

     379,456      316,329
             

Total stockholders’ equity

     604,554      511,546
             

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

   $ 1,887,103    $ 1,382,734
             

 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except for per share amounts)

 

     Fiscal Year Ended November 30,  
     2007     2006     2005  

Revenue

   $ 7,004,120     $ 6,343,514     $ 5,640,769  

Cost of revenue

     (6,648,738 )     (6,058,155 )     (5,402,211 )
                        

Gross profit

     355,382       285,359       238,558  

Selling, general and administrative expenses

     (243,235 )     (189,117 )     (159,621 )
                        

Income from continuing operations before non-operating items, income taxes and minority interest

     112,147       96,242       78,937  

Interest expense and finance charges, net

     (14,874 )     (16,659 )     (17,036 )

Other income, net

     1,393       570       1,559  
                        

Income from continuing operations before income taxes and minority interest

     98,666       80,153       63,460  

Provision for income taxes

     (35,167 )     (28,320 )     (23,912 )

Minority interest in a subsidiary

     (372 )     (448 )     58  
                        

Income from continuing operations

     63,127       51,385       39,606  

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     —         —         511  

Gain on sale of discontinued operations, net of tax

     —         —         12,708  
                        

Net income

   $ 63,127     $ 51,385     $ 52,825  
                        

Earnings per share:

      

Basic

      

Income from continuing operations

   $ 2.04     $ 1.73     $ 1.39  

Discontinued operations

     —         —         0.46  
                        

Net income per common share—basic

   $ 2.04     $ 1.73     $ 1.85  
                        

Diluted

      

Income from continuing operations

   $ 1.93     $ 1.61     $ 1.27  

Discontinued operations

     —         —         0.43  
                        

Net income per common share—diluted

   $ 1.93     $ 1.61     $ 1.70  
                        

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—basic

     30,942       29,700       28,555  
                        

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted

     32,674       32,014       31,131  
                        

 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (in thousands)

 

     Common Stock    Additional
Paid-In
Capital
    Unearned
Share-
based
Compen-
sation
    Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   Retained
Earnings
   Total
Stockholders’
Equity
   Comprehensive
Income
     Shares    Amount                

Balances, November 30, 2004

   27,727    $ 28    $ 145,423     $ —       $ 12,086    $ 212,119    $ 369,656   

Amortization of unearned share-based compensation

   —        —        —         28       —        —        28   

Tax benefits from exercise of non-qualified employee stock options

   —        —        5,090       —         —        —        5,090   

Issuance of common stock on exercise of options and restricted stock

   1,066      1      8,641       (1,672 )     —        —        6,970   

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan

   155      —        2,041       —         —        —        2,041   

Change in unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities

   —        —        —         —         135      —        135    $ 135

Foreign currency translation adjustment

   —        —        —         —         480      —        480      480

Net income

   —        —        —         —         —        52,825      52,825      52,825
                                                       

Balances, November 30, 2005

   28,948      29      161,195       (1,644 )     12,701      264,944      437,225    $ 53,440
                         

Share-based compensation

   —        —        3,710       —         —        —        3,710   

Tax benefits from exercise of non-qualified stock options

   —        —        6,932       —         —        —        6,932   

Issuance of common stock on exercise of options and restricted stock

   1,475      1      10,121       —         —        —        10,122   

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan

   54      —        874       —         —        —        874   

Reclassification upon adoption of SFAS No. 123(R)

   —        —        (1,644 )     1,644       —        —        —     

Foreign currency translation adjustment

   —        —        —         —         1,298      —        1,298    $ 1,298

Net income

   —        —        —         —         —        51,385      51,385      51,385
                                                       

Balances, November 30, 2006

   30,477      30      181,188       —         13,999      316,329      511,546    $ 52,683
                         

Share-based compensation

   —        —        5,281       —         —        —        5,281   

Tax benefits from exercise of non-qualified stock options

   —        —        2,310       —         —        —        2,310   

Issuance of common stock on exercise of options and restricted stock

   814      1      6,610       —         —        —        6,611   

Issuance of common stock for employee stock purchase plan

   37      —        739       —         —        —        739   

Change in unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities

   —        —        —         —         245      —        245    $ 245

Foreign currency translation adjustment

   —        —        —         —         14,695      —        14,695      14,695

Net income

   —        —        —         —         —        63,127      63,127      63,127
                                                       

Balances, November 30, 2007

   31,328    $ 31    $ 196,128     $ —       $ 28,939    $ 379,456    $ 604,554    $ 78,067
                                                       

 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

 

     Fiscal Year Ended November 30,  
     2007     2006     2005  
Cash flows from operating activities:          (Note 3)     (Note 3)  

Net income

   $ 63,127     $ 51,385     $ 52,825  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

      

Depreciation expense

     9,187       5,462       4,809  

Amortization of intangible assets

     6,578       4,319       3,941  

Share-based compensation

     5,281       3,710       28  

Provision for doubtful accounts

     7,491       9,081       7,083  

Tax benefits from employee stock plans

     2,310       6,932       5,090  

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

     (2,145 )     (6,016 )     —    

Purchases of trading securities

     (6,015 )     (15,300 )     (1,927 )

Proceeds from sale of trading securities

     5,805       28,367       5,805  

Unrealized gain on trading securities

     (180 )     (672 )     (1,333 )

Realized (gain) loss on investments

     (559 )     2,329       (265 )

Loss (gain) on disposal of fixed assets

     (17 )     36       947  

Loss on impairment of fixed assets

     828       —         —    

Stock received from sale of business

     —         —         (20,406 )

Unrealized gain on short-term investments

     —         —         (3,037 )

Minority interest in a subsidiary

     372       448       (58 )

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisition of businesses:

      

Accounts receivable

     (321,941 )     (14,979 )     (1,645 )

Receivable from vendors

     864       (12,348 )     (13,903 )

Receivable from affiliates

     (7,934 )     3,323       (3,209 )

Inventories

     1,857       (92,403 )     (101,973 )

Other assets

     38,305       (150,924 )     (3,370 )

Payable to affiliates

     (22,497 )     3,966       16,894  

Accounts payable

     71,376       35,281       51,899  

Accrued liabilities

     24,868       13,260       12,957  

Deferred liabilities

     (29,624 )     118,871       —    
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities

     (152,663 )     (5,872 )     11,152  
                        

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Purchase of investments

     (3,000 )     (2,000 )     —    

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

     (106,783 )     (21,319 )     (4,769 )

Minority investment

     —         —         (3,000 )

Purchase of property and equipment

     (22,781 )     (7,916 )     (5,874 )

Decrease (increase) in restricted cash

     (4,051 )     (8,141 )     2,020  
                        

Net cash used in investing activities

     (136,615 )     (37,376 )     (11,623 )
                        

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Proceeds from revolving line of credit and securitization

     1,341,844       —         1,792  

Payment of revolving line of credit and securitization

     (1,043,038 )     (2,283 )     —    

Proceeds from bank loan

     11,042       380,704       913,411  

Payment of bank loan

     (23,872 )     (289,772 )     (983,040 )

Net (payments) proceeds under other lines of credit

     77       (26,980 )     30,190  

Payments of bonds and other long-term liabilities

     —         —         (5,917 )

Excess tax benefit from share-based compensation

     2,145       6,016       —    

Dividend payment to minority shareholder

     —         —         (1,133 )

Bank overdraft

     14,733       (20,271 )     22,052  

Proceeds from issuance of common stock

     6,331       11,212       9,048  
                        

Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities

     309,262       58,626       (13,597 )
                        

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (4,990 )     (1,133 )     (1,022 )
                        

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

     14,994       14,245       (15,090 )

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

     27,881       13,636       28,726  
                        

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

   $ 42,875     $ 27,881     $ 13,636  
                        

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

      

Interest paid

   $ 7,072     $ 5,292     $ 4,155  
                        

Income taxes paid

   $ 31,254     $ 23,217     $ 24,153  
                        

 

The accompanying Notes are an integral part of these financial statements.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

NOTE 1—ORGANIZATION AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION:

 

SYNNEX Corporation (together with its subsidiaries, herein referred to as “SYNNEX” or the “Company”) is a business process services company offering a comprehensive range of services to original equipment manufacturers (“OEMs”), software publishers and reseller customers worldwide. SYNNEX’s service offering includes product distribution, logistics services, business process outsourcing and contract assembly. SYNNEX is headquartered in Fremont, California and has operations in the United States, Canada, China, Mexico, the Philippines and the United Kingdom (“UK”).

 

NOTE 2—SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES:

 

Use of estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expense during the reporting period. The Company evaluates these estimates on a regular basis and bases them on historical experience and on various assumptions that the Company believes are reasonable. Actual results could differ from the estimates.

 

Principles of consolidation

 

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiaries and majority-owned subsidiaries in which no substantive participating rights are held by minority stockholders. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated.

 

The consolidated financial statements include 100% of the assets and liabilities of these majority-owned subsidiaries and the ownership interest of minority investors is recorded as minority interest. Investments in 20% through 50% owned affiliated companies are included under the equity method of accounting where the Company exercises significant influence over operating and financial affairs of the investee and is not the primary beneficiary. Investments in less than 20% owned companies or investments in 20% through 50% owned companies where the Company does not exercise significant influence over operating and financial affairs of the investee are recorded under the cost method.

 

Consolidation of variable interest entity

 

During the second quarter of fiscal 2007, the Company acquired a majority interest in China Civilink (Cayman). China Civilink operates in China as HiChina Web solutions. HiChina provides internet and webhosting services. People’s Republic of China (“PRC”) law currently limits foreign ownership of companies that provide internet content and advertising services. To comply with these foreign ownership restrictions, the Company operates in China with PRC citizens through contractual arrangements. The Company has the ability to substantially influence the daily operations and financial affairs. As a result of these contractual arrangements, which enable the Company to control these affiliated PRC companies, the Company is the primary beneficiary of these companies. Accordingly, the Company regards these affiliated PRC companies as a variable interest entity under FASB interpretation No. 46R, “Consolidation of variable interest entities, an interpretation of ARB No. 51” (“FIN 46R”) and the Company consolidates the results, assets and liabilities of these companies in the consolidated financial statements.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Segment reporting

 

During fiscal 2007, the Company consolidated its two previously reportable segments (distribution and assembly services) into one reportable segment due to the integrated nature of these services. The decision was primarily based on how the chief operating decision maker (“CODM”) views and evaluates the Company’s operations in making operational and strategic decisions and assessments of financial performance. The Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Operating Officer have been identified as the CODM as defined by Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 131, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information.”

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

The Company considers all highly liquid debt instruments purchased with an original maturity or remaining maturity at date of purchase of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash equivalents consist principally of money market deposit accounts that are stated at cost, which approximates fair value. The Company is exposed to credit risk in the event of default by financial institutions to the extent that cash balances with financial institutions are in excess of amounts that are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

 

Restricted cash

 

As of November 30, 2007 and 2006, the Company had restricted cash in the amount of $12,192 and $8,141 respectively, for future payments to one of its vendors relating to a long-term project at the Company’s Mexico operation. These amounts are reported in long-term other assets.

 

Investments

 

The Company classifies its investments in marketable securities as trading and available-for-sale. A portion of securities related to its deferred compensation plan are classified as trading and are recorded at fair value, based on quoted market prices, and unrealized gains and losses are included in “Other income (expense), net” in the Company’s financial statements. All other securities are classified as available-for-sale and are recorded at fair market value, based on quoted market prices, and unrealized gains and losses are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive income,” a component of stockholders’ equity. Realized gains and losses on available-for-sale securities, which are calculated based on the specific identification method, and declines in value judged to be other-than-temporary, if any, are recorded in “Other income (expense), net” as incurred.

 

To determine whether a decline in value is other-than-temporary, the Company evaluates several factors, including current economic environment, market conditions, operational and financial performance of the investee, and other specific factors relating to the business underlying the investment, including business outlook of the investee, future trends in the investee’s industry and the Company’s intent to carry the investment for a sufficient period of time for any recovery in fair value. If a decline in value is deemed as other-than-temporary, the Company records reductions in carrying values to estimated fair values, which are determined based on quoted market prices if available or on one or more of the valuation methods such as pricing models using historical and projected financial information, liquidation values, and values of other comparable public companies.

 

Long-term investments include instruments that the Company has the ability and intent to hold for more than twelve months.

 

The Company has investments in equity instruments of privately held companies and investments for which there is not readily determinable fair value. These investments are included in short-term investment and other

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

assets and are accounted for under the cost method. The Company monitors its investments for impairment by considering current factors, including economic environment, market conditions, operational performance and other specific factors relating to the business underlying the investment, and records reductions in carrying values when necessary.

 

As of November 30, 2007 the Company has not recorded any significant other-than-temporary decline in value of investments.

 

Allowance for doubtful accounts

 

The allowance for doubtful accounts is an estimate to cover the losses resulting from the inability of customers to make payments for outstanding balances. In estimating the required allowance, the Company takes into consideration the overall quality and aging of the accounts receivable, credit evaluations of customers’ financial condition and existence of credit insurance. The Company also evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable based on specific customer circumstances, current economic trends, historical experience with collections and any value and adequacy of collateral received from customers.

 

Inventories

 

Inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is computed based on the weighted-average method. Inventories consist of finished goods purchased from various manufacturers for distribution resale and components used for assembly services. The Company records estimated inventory reserves for quantities in excess of demand, cost in excess of market value and product obsolescence.

 

Property and equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are computed using the straight-line method based upon the shorter of the estimated useful lives of the assets, or the lease term of the respective assets, if applicable. Maintenance and repairs are charged to expense as incurred, and improvements are capitalized. When assets are retired or otherwise disposed of, the cost and accumulated depreciation and amortization are removed from the accounts and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations in the period realized. The ranges of estimated useful lives for property and equipment categories are as follows:

 

Equipment and Furniture

   3-7 years

Software

   3-7 years

Leasehold Improvements

   2-10 years

Buildings

   39 years

 

Goodwill

 

The Company has adopted SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets,” which revised the standards of accounting for goodwill, by replacing the amortization of these assets with the requirement that they be reviewed annually for impairment or more frequently if impairment indicators exist. Goodwill is recorded when the purchase price of an acquisition exceeds the estimated fair value of the identified tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. No goodwill impairment was recorded for the periods presented.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Intangible assets

 

Purchased intangible assets are amortized over the useful lives based on the estimate of the use of economic benefit of the asset or on the straight-line amortization method.

 

Intangible assets primarily consist of vendor lists and customer lists. Intangible assets are amortized as follows:

 

Vendor lists

   4-10 years

Customer lists

   4-8 years

Other intangible assets

   3-10 years

 

Software costs

 

The Company develops its software platform for internal use only. The majority of development costs include payroll and other related costs such as costs of support, maintenance and training functions that are not subject to capitalization. The costs of software enhancements were not material for the periods presented. If internal software development costs become material, the Company will capitalize the costs based on the defined criteria for capitalization in accordance with Statement of Position 98-1, “Accounting for the Costs of Computer Software Developed or Obtained for Internal Use.”

 

Impairment of long-lived assets

 

The Company reviews the recoverability of its long-lived assets, such as property and equipment and intangible assets, when events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate the carrying value of the asset or asset group may not be recoverable. The assessment of possible impairment is based on the Company’s ability to recover the carrying value of the asset or asset group from the expected future pre-tax cash flows, undiscounted and without interest charges, of the related operations. If these cash flows are less than the carrying value of such assets, an impairment loss is recognized for the difference between estimated fair value and carrying value. The measurement of impairment requires management to estimate future cash flows and the fair value of long-lived assets. No impairment of long-lived assets was recorded for the periods presented.

 

Long-term deferred assets and long-term deferred liabilities

 

The Company’s Mexico operation has entered into a multi-year contract to sell equipment to an independent third-party contractor that provides equipment and services to the Mexican government. The payments by the Mexican government are generally due on a monthly basis and are contingent upon the contractor continuing to provide services to the Mexican government. The Company recognizes product revenue and cost of revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract. All long-term accounts receivable and deferred cost of revenue associated with this contract are included in the consolidated balance sheet under the caption “Long-term deferred assets.” According to contract terms, the Company also holds back a certain amount of accounts payable for a certain period of time. All long-term accounts payable and long-term deferred revenues associated with this contract are included in the consolidated balance sheet under the caption “Long-term deferred liabilities.”

 

Concentration of credit risk

 

Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentration of credit risk consist principally of accounts receivable, cash and cash equivalents. The Company’s cash and cash equivalents are

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

maintained with high quality institutions, the compositions and maturities of which are regularly monitored by management. Through November 30, 2007, the Company had not experienced any losses on such deposits.

 

Accounts receivable include amounts due from customers primarily in the technology industry. The Company performs ongoing credit evaluations of its customers’ financial condition and limits the amount of credit extended when deemed necessary, but generally requires no collateral. The Company also maintains allowances for potential credit losses. In estimating the required allowances, the Company takes into consideration the overall quality and aging of the receivable portfolio, the existence of a limited amount of credit insurance and specifically identified customer risks. Through November 30, 2007, such losses have been within management’s expectations.

 

In fiscal 2007, 2006 and 2005, sales to no single customer exceeded 10% or more of the Company’s total revenue. At November 30, 2007 and 2006, no single customer comprised more than 10% of the total consolidated accounts receivable balance. The Company’s largest OEM supplier, HP, accounted for approximately 28%, 25% and 28% of the total revenue for the fiscal years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively.

 

Revenue recognition

 

The Company recognizes revenue generally as products are shipped, if a purchase order exists, the sale price is fixed or determinable, collection of resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured, risk of loss and title have transferred and product returns are reasonably estimable. Shipping terms are typically F.O.B. the Company’s warehouse. Provisions for sales returns are estimated based on historical data and are recorded concurrently with the recognition of revenue. These provisions are reviewed and adjusted periodically by the Company. Revenue is reduced for early payment discounts and volume incentive rebates offered to customers.

 

The Company purchases licensed software products from OEM vendors and distributes them to customers. Revenue is recognized upon shipment of software products when a purchase order exists, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured. Subsequent to the sale of software products, the Company generally has no obligation to provide any modification, customization, upgrades, enhancements, or any other post-contract customer support.

 

The Company’s Mexico operation has entered into a multi-year contract to sell equipment to a contractor that provides equipment and services to the Mexican government. Under the agreement, the Mexican government makes payments into the Company’s account. The payments on this contract by the Mexican government are generally due on a monthly basis and are contingent upon the contractor continuing to provide services to the government. The Company recognizes product revenue and cost of revenue on a straight-line basis over the term of the contract.

 

The Company recognizes revenue generally for its business process outsourcing services over the terms and duration of the contract, if the service has already been rendered, the sales price is fixed or determinable and collection of the resulting accounts receivable is reasonably assured.

 

OEM supplier programs

 

Funds received from OEM suppliers for inventory volume promotion programs, price protection and product rebates are recorded as adjustments to cost of revenue and the carrying value of inventories, as appropriate. The

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Company tracks vendor promotional programs for volume discounts on a program-by-program basis. The Company monitors the balances of receivables from vendors on a quarterly basis and adjusts the balances due for differences between expected and actual volume sales. Vendor receivables are generally collected through reductions authorized by the vendor, to accounts payable. Funds received for specific marketing and infrastructure reimbursements, net of direct costs, are recorded as adjustments to selling, general and administrative expenses, and any excess reimbursement amount is recorded as an adjustment to cost of revenue.

 

Royalties

 

The Company purchases licensed software products from OEM vendors, which it subsequently distributes to resellers. Royalties to OEM vendors are accrued for and recorded in cost of revenue when software products are shipped and revenue is recognized.

 

Warranties

 

The Company’s OEM suppliers generally warrant the products distributed by the Company and allow returns of defective products. The Company generally does not independently warrant the products it distributes; however, the Company does warrant the following: (1) its services with regard to products that it assembles for its customers, and (2) products that it builds to order from components purchased from other sources. To date neither warranty expense, nor the accrual for warranty costs has been material to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Advertising

 

Costs related to advertising and product promotion expenditures are charged to selling, general and administrative expenses as incurred and are primarily offset by OEM marketing reimbursements. To date, net costs related to advertising and promotion expenditures have not been material.

 

Income taxes

 

The asset and liability method is used in accounting for income taxes. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected tax consequences of temporary differences between the tax bases of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements using enacted tax rates and laws that will be in effect when the difference is expected to reverse. Valuation allowances are provided against assets that are not likely to be realized.

 

Fair value of financial instruments

 

For certain of the Company’s financial instruments, including cash, short-term investments, forward contracts, accounts receivable and accounts payable, the carrying amounts approximate fair value due to the short maturities. The amount shown for borrowings also approximates fair value since current interest rates offered to the Company for debt of similar maturities are approximately the same. The estimated fair values of foreign exchange forward contracts are based on market prices or current rates offered for contracts with similar terms and maturities. The ultimate amounts paid or received under these foreign exchange contracts, however, depend on future exchange rates. These gains or losses are based on changes in the fair value of the contracts, which generally occur as a result of changes in foreign currency exchange rates and are recorded in “Other income (expense), net.”

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Foreign currency translations

 

The functional currencies of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries are their respective local currencies, with the exception of the Company’s operations in the UK and the Philippines, for which the functional currencies are the U.S. dollar. The financial statements of the foreign subsidiaries, other than the operations in the UK and the Philippines, are translated into U.S. dollars for consolidation as follows: assets and liabilities at the exchange rate as of the balance sheet date, stockholders’ equity at the historical rates of exchange, and income and expense amounts at the average exchange rate for the month. Translation adjustments resulting from the translation of the subsidiaries’ accounts are included in “Accumulated other comprehensive income.” Gains and losses resulting from foreign currency transactions are included within “Other income (expense), net.” Such amounts are not significant to any of the periods presented.

 

Comprehensive income

 

Comprehensive income is defined as the change in equity of a business enterprise during a period from transactions and other events and circumstances from non-owner sources. The primary components of comprehensive income for the Company include net income, foreign currency translation adjustments arising from the consolidation of the Company’s foreign subsidiaries and unrealized gains and losses on the Company’s available-for-sale securities.

 

Share-based compensation

 

Effective December 1, 2005, the Company began accounting for share-based compensation under the provisions of SFAS No. 123(R), “Share-Based Payment,” which requires the recognition of the fair value of share-based compensation. Under the fair value recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123(R), share-based compensation is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the awards expected to vest and recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service period of the award. The Company has used the Black-Scholes valuation model to estimate fair value of share-based awards, which requires various assumptions including estimating stock price volatility and expected life.

 

Net income per common share

 

Net income per common share-basic is computed by dividing the net income for the period by the weighted-average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. Diluted weighted-average shares include the dilutive effect of stock options, restricted shares and restricted stock units. The calculation of net income per common share is presented in Note 15.

 

SFAS No. 128, “Earnings per Share” requires that employee stock options, non-vested restricted shares and similar equity instruments granted by the Company be treated as potential common shares outstanding in computing diluted earnings per share. Diluted shares outstanding include the dilutive effect of in-the-money options. Under the treasury stock method, the amount the employee must pay for exercising stock options, the amount of compensation cost for future services that the Company has not yet recognized and the amount of tax benefits that would be recorded in additional paid-in capital when the award becomes deductible are assumed to be used to repurchase shares.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to prior period amounts to conform to current period presentation. Such reclassifications have no effect on net income as previously reported.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Recent accounting pronouncements

 

In June 2006, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes- an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). FIN 48 clarifies the accounting for uncertainty in income taxes recognized in an enterprise’s financial statements in accordance with FASB Statement No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes,” and prescribes a recognition threshold and measurement process for financial statement recognition and measurement of a tax position taken or expected to be taken in a tax return. FIN 48 also provides guidance on derecognition, classification, interest and penalties, accounting in interim periods, disclosure and transition. FIN 48 is effective for the fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2006 and will be applicable to the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the effect of FIN 48 on its consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements.” SFAS No. 157 provides guidance for using fair value to measure assets and liabilities. It also responds to investors’ requests for expanded information about the extent to which companies measure assets and liabilities at fair value, the information used to measure fair value, and the effect of fair value measurements on earnings. SFAS No. 157 applies whenever other standards require (or permit) assets or liabilities to be measured at fair value, and does not expand the use of fair value in any new circumstances. SFAS No. 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007 and is required to be adopted by the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. The Company is currently evaluating the effect that the adoption of SFAS No. 157 will have on its consolidated financial position and results of operations.

 

In February 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities- Including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115,” which permits entities to elect to measure many financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not currently required to be measured at fair value. This election is irrevocable. SFAS No. 159 will be effective in the first quarter of fiscal 2008. The Company is currently assessing whether it will elect to adopt SFAS No. 159.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141R”). SFAS 141R establishes principles and requirements for how an acquirer recognizes and measures in its financial statements the identifiable assets acquired, the liabilities assumed, any noncontrolling interest in the acquiree and the goodwill acquired. SFAS 141R also establishes disclosure requirements to enable the evaluation of the nature and financial effects of the business combination. SFAS 141R is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008, and will be adopted by the Company in the first quarter of fiscal 2010. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact, if any, of the adoption of SFAS 141R on the consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements—an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes accounting and reporting standards for ownership interests in subsidiaries held by parties other than the parent, the amount of consolidated net income attributable to the parent and to the noncontrolling interest, changes in a parent’s ownership interest and the valuation of retained noncontrolling equity investments when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. SFAS 160 also establishes disclosure requirements that clearly identify and distinguish between the interests of the parent and the interests of the noncontrolling owners. SFAS 160 is effective as of the beginning of an entity’s fiscal year that begins after December 15, 2008, and the Company will adopted in the first quarter of fiscal 2010. The Company is currently evaluating the potential impact, if any, of the adoption of SFAS 160 on the consolidated results of operations and financial condition.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

NOTE 3—CLASSIFICATION OF TRADING SECURITIES IN THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS:

 

The classification of the cash flows for the purchase and proceeds from the sale of trading securities previously referred to as short-term investments has been corrected to present the cash flows as operating activities versus investing activities. The Company concluded that the correction was not material to its annual consolidated financial statements in prior periods based on SEC Staff Accounting Bulletin: No. 99-Materiality. The impact for the prior years is provided below:

 

     Year Ended
November 30,
 
     2006     2005  

Amounts previously presented as investing activities:

    

Purchases of trading securities

   $ (15,300 )   $ (1,927 )

Proceeds from the sale of trading securities

     28,367       5,805  
                

Impact to cash flows from operating activities

   $ 13,067     $ 3,878  
                

Cash flows from operations as reported

   $ (18,939 )   $ 7,274  

Cash flows from operations as corrected

     (5,872 )     11,152  

Cash flows from investing activities as reported

   $ (24,309 )   $ (7,745 )

Cash flows from investing activities as corrected

     (37,376 )     (11,623 )

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

NOTE 4—BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS:

 

     November 30,  
     2007      2006  

Short-term investments

     

Trading securities

   $ 13,115      $ 11,153  

Available-for-sale securities

     142        118  

Cost investments

     4,000        2,000  
                 
   $ 17,257      $ 13,271  
                 

Accounts receivable, net

     

Trade accounts receivable

   $ 763,723      $ 394,986  

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

     (13,258 )      (14,433 )

Less: Allowance for sales returns

     (20,668 )      (17,116 )
                 
   $ 729,797      $ 363,437  
                 

Receivable from vendors, net

     

Receivables from vendors

   $ 98,737      $ 97,694  

Less: Allowance for doubtful accounts

     (2,702 )      (2,614 )
                 
   $ 96,035      $ 95,080  
                 

Inventories

     

Components

   $ 39,712      $ 66,775  

Finished goods

     602,812        527,867  
                 
   $ 642,524      $ 594,642  
                 

Property and equipment, net

     

Equipment and computers

   $ 60,856      $ 43,240  

Furniture and fixtures

     10,715        7,377  

Buildings and land

     53,874        34,300  
                 
   $ 125,445      $ 84,917  

Less: Accumulated depreciation

     (66,005 )      (48,219 )
                 
   $ 59,440      $ 36,698  
                 

Allowance for doubtful trade receivables

     

Balance at November 30, 2004

   $ 11,877     

Additions

     7,083     

Write-offs and deductions

     (6,272 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2005

     12,688     

Additions

     9,081     

Write-offs and deductions

     (7,336 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2006

     14,433     

Additions

     7,491     

Write-offs and deductions

     (8,666 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2007

   $ 13,258     
           

Allowance for doubtful vendor receivables

     

Balance at November 30, 2004

   $ 4,095     

Additions

     897     

Write-offs and deductions

     (2,266 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2005

     2,726     

Additions

     1,548     

Write-offs and deductions

     (1,660 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2006

     2,614     

Additions

     4,481     

Write-offs and deductions

     (4,393 )   
           

Balance at November 30, 2007

   $ 2,702     
           

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Goodwill:

 

     November 30, 2006    Additions    Translation    November 30, 2007

Goodwill

   $ 30,144    $ 59,564    $ 6,642    $ 96,350

 

Intangible assets, net:

 

    November 30,
    2007   2006
    Gross
Amount
  Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount
  Gross
Amount
  Accumulated
Amortization
    Net
Amount

Vendor lists

  $ 22,062   $ (18,458 )   $ 3,604   $ 22,062   $ (16,307 )   $ 5,755

Customer lists

    25,108     (8,677 )     16,431     15,141     (4,738 )     10,403

Other intangible assets

    3,443     (1,888 )     1,555     3,259     (973 )     2,286
                                       
  $ 50,613   $ (29,023 )   $ 21,590   $ 40,462   $ (22,018 )   $ 18,444
                                       

 

Amortization expense was $6,578, $4,319 and $3,941 for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Goodwill and intangible assets increased as of November 30, 2007 compared to November 30, 2006 due to the acquisitions of Link2Support, PC Wholesale, HiChina Web Solutions and the Redmond Group of Companies. Estimated future amortization expense is as follows:

 

Years ending November 30,

  

2008

   $ 6,714

2009

     6,458

2010

     3,402

2011

     1,772

2012

     1,358

thereafter

     1,886
      
   $ 21,590
      

 

     November 30,
     2007    2006

Accrued liabilities:

     

Payroll related accruals

   $ 24,831    $ 19,184

Deferred compensation liability

     19,140      18,425

Royalty and warranty accruals

     7,205      6,796

Other accrued liabilities

     69,441      37,413
             
   $ 120,617    $ 81,818
             

 

NOTE 5—ACQUISITIONS:

 

During the fiscal year 2007, the Company made the following acquisitions:

 

On February 20, 2007, the Company acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of Link2Support, Inc. based in Manila, Philippines for approximately $25,000 in cash. The acquisition agreement allows for an earn out payment of an additional $5,000 to be paid if certain milestones are met in the first year after the acquisition. As

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

of November 30, 2007, the conditions for the earn-out have not been met. Link2Support is a technical support and contact center that delivers voice, e-mail and technical chat support as well as other value-added services. The Link2Support acquisition is consistent with the Company’s strategy to broaden its business process service offerings and increases its contact center expertise. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $7,891, intangible assets was $3,100, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $14,009 has been recognized as goodwill.

 

On February 27, 2007, the Company acquired the assets of PC Wholesale, a division of Insight Direct USA, Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Insight Enterprises, Inc. The Company paid a purchase price of $28,876 in cash. PC Wholesale is an IT distributor with special focus on end-of-life and refurbished equipment that is complementary to the Company’s core distribution business. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $18,879, intangible assets was $2,900, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $7,100 has been recognized as goodwill.

 

On April 5, 2007, the Company purchased approximately 86% of the equity interest in China Civilink (Cayman) for $30,000 in cash. The acquisition agreement provides for a payment of up to $2,000 to the then selling shareholders, if certain milestones are met at December 31, 2007. The Company is in the process of evaluating whether the milestones were achieved. China Civilink (Cayman) operates in China as HiChina Web Solutions. HiChina Web Solutions, which is based in Beijing, China, provides internet services such as domain name registration and web hosting. The acquisition of HiChina Web Solutions further supports the Company’s strategy to grow its business process service offerings by providing access to an established customer base in China. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net tangible assets acquired was $5,186, intangible assets was $3,000, and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $21,814 has been recognized as goodwill.

 

On May 1, 2007, SYNNEX Canada acquired substantially all of the assets of the Redmond Group of Companies (“RGC”), including AVS Technologies, an independent distributor of consumer electronics. Total consideration for the purchased assets, net of assumed debt of $11,851, was approximately $29,309 in cash and transaction costs of $235. Of this amount, approximately $3,062 is payable subject to confirmation of net tangible assets acquired, primarily related to accounts receivable and inventory. The acquisition agreement allows for an additional $440 to be paid if certain milestones are met in the first 13 months following the closing date. The acquisition of RGC further supports SYNNEX Canada’s expansion in its consumer electronics distribution. The RGC business has been fully integrated within SYNNEX Canada. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The fair value of identifiable net assets acquired was $11,900 and the remainder of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired of $17,400 has been recognized as goodwill. At the time of the acquisition of RGC, the Company determined that this transaction was not a significant acquisition. However, upon further review, the Company has determined that it was a significant acquisition, and accordingly, the Company filed a Form 8-K reporting for the RGC acquisition.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

The following unaudited pro forma financial information combines the consolidated results of operations as if the acquisition of RGC had occurred as of the beginning of the periods presented. Pro forma adjustments include only the effects of events directly attributable to transactions that are factually supportable and expected to have a continuing impact. The pro forma results contained in the table below include pro forma adjustment for additional finance charges related to the financing of the purchase consideration of the acquisition. The pro forma results may not reflect the future performance as the Company integrates the business with its current operations.

 

     Pro forma Basis for
Fiscal Year Ended
     November 30,
2007
   November 30,
2006
     (in thousands)

Revenue

   $ 7,050,925    $ 6,592,621

Net Income (1)

   $ 59,091    $ 29,382

Earnings Per Share:

     

Basic

   $ 1.91    $ 0.99

Diluted

   $ 1.81    $ 0.92

 

(1) Net Income for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2006 includes an impairment loss on goodwill and intangible assets of $16,480 prior to the acquisition of RGC.

 

The above acquisitions, excluding RGC individually and in the aggregate, did not meet the conditions of a material business combination and they were not subject to the disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations.” The consolidated financial statements include the operating results of each business from the date of acquisition. The allocation of purchase price in the above acquisitions is preliminary and the estimates and assumptions used are subject to change. The Company is continuing to evaluate the allocation of purchase price to net tangible and identifiable intangible assets and does not expect the final allocation of purchase price to have a material impact on the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

 

Building Acquisition

 

On March 9, 2007, SYNNEX Canada completed the purchase of a new logistics facility in Guelph, Canada. The facility is approximately six hundred thousand square feet. The total purchase price for this facility was approximately $12,500. As of November 30, 2007, SYNNEX Canada substantially completed consolidating multiple existing Ontario, Canada area facilities into this facility.

 

Acquisitions during the year ended November 30, 2006

 

On April 28, 2006, the Company acquired the assets of the Telpar distribution segment of Peak Technologies, Inc., (“Telpar”), for approximately $3,309. Telpar sold auto-ID, data capture and point of sales products and services. The Telpar business has been fully integrated within the Company’s business. The aggregate purchase price was allocated to tangible and assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value.

 

On June 9, 2006, the Company acquired substantially all of the assets of the Azerty United Canada ink and toner distribution business from United Stationers Supply Company (“Azerty”), for approximately $14,330. The Azerty acquisition strengthened the Company’s position in printer supplies distribution in Canada. The Azerty business has been fully integrated within the Company’s Canadian operations. The aggregate purchase price was

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

allocated to tangible and identifiable intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimates of fair value. The excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired of $1,286 has been recognized as goodwill and $114 has been recognized as intangible assets.

 

On September 14, 2006, the Company’s wholly owned subsidiary, BSA Sales, LLC, (“BSA Sales”), acquired all of the outstanding capital stock of Concentrix Corporation (“Concentrix”) based in Rochester, New York for approximately $8,000. Concentrix is an integrated marketing company that provides call center, database analysis, and print on demand services to customers in the transportation, publishing, banking, healthcare and technology industries. Concentrix’s business strategy complements and expands the Company’s resources and capabilities of the Company’s demand generation business. The acquisition agreement allowed for an earn out payment of $2,500 to be paid if certain milestones were met in the first 120 days after the acquisition. The defined milestones were not achieved. The Company has accounted for the acquisition of capital stock as a purchase and, accordingly the excess of the purchase price over the fair value of identifiable net assets acquired of $4,183 has been recognized as goodwill and $3,800 has been recognized as intangible assets. The valuation of the identifiable intangible assets acquired was based on management’s estimates of future cash flows. The Concentrix and BSA Sales operations have been merged under the name of Concentrix Corporation effective December 1, 2006.

 

The above acquisitions, individually and in the aggregate, did not meet the conditions of a material business combination and they were not subject to the disclosure requirements of SFAS No. 141. However, the Company believes that disclosures provided herein are useful to the understanding of the goodwill and intangible assets activities through November 30, 2006.

 

NOTE 6—INVESTMENTS:

 

The carrying amount of the Company’s investments is shown in the table below:

 

     November 30,
     2007    2006
     Original
Cost
   Unrealized
(Losses)/

Gains
    Fair
Value
   Original
Cost
   Unrealized
(Losses)/

Gains
    Fair
Value

Short-Term:

               

Trading

   $ 12,510    $ 605     $ 13,115    $ 10,729    $ 424     $ 11,153

Available-for-sale

     772      (630 )     142      757      (639 )     118

Cost investments

     4,000      —         4,000      2,000      —         2,000
                                           
   $ 17,282    $ (25 )   $ 17,257    $ 13,486    $ (215 )   $ 13,271
                                           

 

Short-term trading securities consist of equity securities relating to the Company’s deferred compensation plan (See Note 11). Short-term available-for-sale securities primarily consist of investments in other companies’ equity securities. Short-term cost investments primarily consist of investments in private equity funds and in a hedge fund under the Company’s deferred compensation plan. Total realized gain on investments was $161 and $265 for the fiscal years ended November 30, 2007 and 2005, respectively. Total realized loss was $2,329 for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2006. As of November 30, 2007, all gross unrealized losses on available-for-sale had been in a loss position for more than 12 months.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

NOTE 7—ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE ARRANGEMENTS:

 

The Company primarily finances its North America operations through two accounts receivable securitization programs, a U.S. facility (the “U.S. Arrangement”) and a Canadian facility (the “Canadian Arrangement”).

 

The Company amended its U.S. Arrangement on February 12, 2007, to increase the Company’s availability to sell a maximum of $350,000 U.S. trade accounts receivables from the previous level of $275,000 based upon eligible trade receivables (“U.S. Receivables”). The Company also extended the maturity date of the U.S. Arrangement from August 2008 to February 2011. The Company’s effective borrowing cost under the U.S. Arrangement is a blend of the prevailing dealer commercial paper rate and LIBOR plus 0.55% per annum. Prior to amending the U.S. Arrangement in February 2007, the Company recorded the previous U.S. Arrangement as an off-balance sheet transaction because the Company funded its advances by selling undivided ownership interests in the U.S. Receivables. The amended U.S. Arrangement requires the Company to account for this transaction as an on-balance sheet transaction because the Company funds its borrowings by pledging all of its rights, title and interest in and to the U.S. Receivables as security. The amount of U.S. Receivables sold to the financial institutions under the prior U.S. Arrangement before the amendment, at February 12, 2007 and November 30, 2006 was $249,469 and $273,028 respectively. The total outstanding balance as of February 12, 2007 under the prior U.S. Arrangement was repaid under the new amended U.S. Arrangement. The balance outstanding and pledged on this U.S. Arrangement as of November 30, 2007 was $299,900.

 

SYNNEX Canada Limited (“SYNNEX Canada”) amended its one-year revolving Canadian Arrangement on April 30, 2007, to increase its availability to sell a maximum of C$125,000 of U.S. and Canadian trade receivables (“Canadian Receivables”) from the previous level of C$100,000 to a financial institution. In connection with the Canadian Arrangement, SYNNEX Canada sells its Canadian Receivables to the financial institution on a fully-serviced basis. The effective discount rate of the Canadian Arrangement is the prevailing Bankers’ Acceptance rate of return or prime rate in Canada plus 0.45% per annum. To the extent that cash was received in exchange, the amount of Canadian Receivables sold to the financial institution has been recorded as a true sale, in accordance with SFAS No. 140, “Accounting for Transfers and Servicing of Financial Assets and Extinguishments of Liabilities.” In connection with this Canadian Arrangement, the Company issued a guarantee of SYNNEX Canada’s performance. The amount of Canadian Receivables sold to the financial institution and not yet collected from customers at November 30, 2007 and November 30, 2006 was $115,900 and $70,810, respectively.

 

Under the U.S. and Canadian Arrangements the Company is required to maintain certain financial covenants to maintain its eligibility to sell additional U.S. and Canadian Receivables under the facilities. These covenants include minimum net worth, minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and net worth percentage. These covenants also restrict the Company from paying dividends. The Company was in compliance with the material covenants November 30, 2007.

 

As is customary in trade accounts receivable securitization arrangements, a credit rating agency’s downgrade of the third-party issuer of commercial paper or of a back-up liquidity provider (which provides a source of funding if the commercial paper market cannot be accessed) could result in an adverse change or loss of the Company’s financing capacity under these programs if the commercial paper issuer or liquidity back-up provider is not replaced. Loss of such financing capacity could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company has also entered into financing agreements with various financial institutions (“Flooring Companies”) to allow certain customers of the Company to finance their purchases directly with the Flooring

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Companies. Under these agreements, the Flooring Companies pay to the Company the selling price of products sold to various customers, less a discount, within approximately 15 to 30 days from the date of sale. The Company is contingently liable to repurchase inventory sold under flooring agreements in the event of any default by its customers under the agreement and such inventory being repossessed by the Flooring Companies. See Note 19, “Commitments and Contingencies” for additional information. Approximately $950,884, $954,814, and $1,161,396 of the Company’s net sales were financed under these programs in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. Approximately $68,839 and $44,394 of accounts receivable at November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively, were subject to flooring agreements. Flooring fees were approximately $5,024, $5,507, and $5,524 in 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively, and are included within “Interest expense and finance charges, net.”

 

NOTE 8—BORROWINGS:

 

Borrowings consist of the following:

 

     November 30,  
     2007     2006  

SYNNEX U.S. securitization

   $ 299,900     $ —    

SYNNEX U.S. revolving line of credit

     10,900       27,070  

SYNNEX Canada revolving line of credit

     12,368       —    

SYNNEX Canada term loan

     17,470       1,178  

SYNNEX Mexico term loan

     47,874       70,436  

SYNNEX UK lines of credit

     158       81  

Other

     9       36  
                
     388,679       98,801  

Less: Current portion

     (351,142 )     (50,834 )
                

Non-current portion

   $ 37,537     $ 47,967  
                

 

SYNNEX U.S. securitization

 

The increase in U.S. securitization as of November 30, 2007 was primarily due to an amendment in terms of the Company’s U.S. Arrangement in the first quarter of fiscal 2007, which resulted in all accounts receivable and related funding transacted under the Company’s U.S. Arrangement being classified as on-balance sheet transactions versus as of November 30, 2006 when they were classified as off-balance sheet (see Note 7).

 

SYNNEX U.S. senior secured revolving line of credit

 

The Company amended its senior secured U.S. revolving line of credit arrangement, (“the Revolver”), with a group of financial institutions, on February 12, 2007. The Revolver is secured by the Company’s inventory and other assets and expires in February 2011. The Revolver’s maximum commitment was amended from $45,000 to $100,000. Interest on borrowings under the Revolver is based on the financial institution’s prime rate or LIBOR plus 1.50%.

 

SYNNEX Canada revolving line of credit

 

SYNNEX Canada amended its established revolving line of credit arrangement on April 30, 2007 to increase its credit limit from C$20,000 to C$30,000. The revolving credit facility expires in January 2010. Interest on this facility is based on the Canadian adjusted prime rate.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

SYNNEX Canada term loan

 

The increase in the SYNNEX Canada term loan is associated with the purchase of its logistics facility in Guelph, Canada in March 2007.

 

SYNNEX Mexico secured term loan

 

In May 2006, SYNNEX Mexico signed a secured term loan agreement, (“Term Loan”). The interest rate for any unpaid principal amount is the Equilibrium Interbank Interest Rate, plus 2.00% per annum. The final maturity date for repayment of any unpaid principal is November 24, 2009.

 

SYNNEX UK lines of credit

 

SYNNEX UK has a British pound denominated loan agreement with a financial institution. The total credit available under this facility was $2,056 as of November 30, 2007, and there were no borrowings outstanding at November 30, 2007 and 2006. This facility bears interest at LIBOR plus 1.5%.

 

SYNNEX UK has a second British pound denominated loan agreement with a financial institution. The total credit available under this facility was $11,308 as of November 30, 2007. The balance outstanding at November 30, 2007 and 2006 was $158 and $81, respectively. The facility bears interest at the financial institution’s prime rate plus 1.5%.

 

SYNNEX Canada credit facility

 

SYNNEX Canada obtained a credit facility with HSBC Bank Canada to allow the Company to issue documentary letters of credit up to a maximum of C$30,000 for validity up to 180 days. The letters of credit are issued to secure purchases of inventory from manufacturers and to finance import activities. This facility can be used for the issuance of a letter of guarantee up to a maximum amount of C$2,000 available in Canadian and U.S. dollars for a maximum two business days to repay draws under letter of credits or letter of guarantee.

 

Future principal payments

 

Future principal payments under the above loans as of November 30, 2007 are as follows:

 

Fiscal Years Ending November 30,

  

2008

   $ 351,142

2009

     26,987

2010

     617

2011

     650

2012

     685

Thereafter

     8,598
      
   $ 388,679
      

 

The total interest expense and finance charges for accounts receivable securitization, revolver, debt and all other lines of credit was $30,494, $26,902 and $18,579 for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively, and is included in interest expense and finance charges, net in the statement of operations. The range of interest rates was between 4.32% to 7.99% in fiscal 2007.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Guarantees

 

The Company has issued guarantees to certain vendors and lenders of its subsidiaries’ for trade credit lines and loans, totaling $206,100 and $148,117 as of November 30, 2007 and 2006. The Company is obligated under these guarantees to pay amounts due should its subsidiaries not pay valid amounts owed to their vendors or lenders. The vendor guarantees are typically less than one-year arrangements, with 30-day cancellation clauses and the lender guarantees are typically for the term of the loan agreement.

 

NOTE 9—DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS:

 

In the normal course of business, the Company enters into currency forward contracts to protect itself from the risk that the eventual cash outflows or inflows resulting from the purchase or sale of inventory will be adversely affected by exchange rate fluctuations. The Company does not apply hedge accounting to these currency forward contracts and has not designated any of them as hedging instruments. As of November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, the Company had unrealized losses (gains) of ($2,330), ($363) and $320, respectively, as a result of fair value changes on its outstanding currency forward contracts. These unrealized losses and gains were charged (credited) to “Other income (expense), net.” The Company’s policy is to not allow the use of derivatives for trading or speculative purposes.

 

During the second quarter of fiscal 2005, the Company sold approximately 93% of the equity it held in its subsidiary, SYNNEX K.K., to MCJ Company Limited (“MCJ”) in exchange for 25,809 shares of MCJ. The Company’s remaining equity interest in SYNNEX K.K. is accounted for under the cost method, as it does not have significant influence over either MCJ or SYNNEX K.K. In order to reduce the risk of holding the MCJ shares, the Company had entered into forward contracts to sell MCJ shares for fixed prices in April 2006. There were no contracts outstanding as of November 30, 2006. As of November 30, 2005, such contracts covered 100% of the MCJ shares held by the Company and these contracts had a value of $22,609.

 

NOTE 10—INCOME TAXES:

 

The sources of income before the provision for income taxes are as follows (in thousands):

 

     Fiscal Years Ended November 30,
     2007    2006    2005

Income before provision for income taxes:

        

United States

   $ 72,279    $ 61,365    $ 55,487

Foreign

     26,387      18,788      7,973
                    
   $ 98,666    $ 80,153    $ 63,460
                    

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

The provisions for income taxes from operations consist of:

 

     Fiscal Years Ended November 30,  
     2007     2006     2005  

Current tax provision:

      

Federal

   $ 27,273     $ 24,483     $ 18,772  

State

     5,787       4,825       3,790  

Foreign

     2,158       3,310       2,796  
                        
   $ 35,218     $ 32,618     $ 25,358  
                        

Deferred tax provision (benefit):

      

Federal

   $ (1,941 )   $ (3,747 )   $ (666 )

State

     (287 )     (769 )     (264 )

Foreign

     2,177       218       (516 )
                        
   $ (51 )   $ (4,298 )   $ (1,446 )
                        

Total tax provision

   $ 35,167     $ 28,320     $ 23,912  
                        

 

Net deferred tax assets consist of the following:

 

     Fiscal Years Ended
November 30,
 
     2007     2006  

Inventory reserves

   $ 5,681     $ 5,374  

Bad debt and sales return reserves

     5,728       4,391  

Vacation and profit sharing accruals

     1,299       1,125  

Depreciation and amortization

     (2,080 )     (2,177 )

State tax deduction

     606       795  

Deferred compensation

     7,891       7,670  

Net operating losses

     980       3,219  

Deferred revenue

     1,631       2,339  

Foreign tax credit

     2,252       1,607  

SFAS 123(R) Share-based compensation expense

     1,560       832  

Other

     295       (90 )

Valuation allowance

     (2,252 )     (1,607 )
                

Net deferred tax assets

   $ 23,591     $ 23,478  
                

 

The valuation allowance relates to foreign tax credits for which realization of assets is uncertain.

 

A reconciliation of the statutory U.S. federal income tax rate to the Company’s effective income tax rate is as follows:

 

     Fiscal Years Ended November 30,  
     2007     2006     2005  

Federal statutory income tax rate

   35.0 %   35.0 %   35.0 %

State taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

   3.6     3.3     3.6  

Foreign taxes

   (3.5 )   (1.9 )   (0.8 )

Effect of unbenefitted tax assets

   0.6     (2.4 )   0.2  

Canada permanent items

   (1.3 )   —       —    

Other

   1.2     1.3     (0.3 )
                  

Effective income tax rate

   35.6 %   35.3 %   37.7 %
                  

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

At November 30, 2007, the Company had approximately $2,032 of federal operating loss carry forwards available to offset future taxable income, which will expire in varying amounts from November 30, 2024 to November 30, 2026. Additionally, the Company had $121 in net operating loss carry forwards for the Company’s Canadian subsidiary that begin to expire in 2014, and $72 in net operating loss carry forwards for the Company’s U.K. subsidiary.

 

The Company recorded a one-time $1,135 adjustment resulting from the conclusion of an income tax audit of the Company’s Canadian subsidiary in fiscal 2007. The adjustment was primarily associated with the increase in the Company’s Net Operating Loss (NOL). This reassessment benefited the Company with $1,135 in reduction of total income tax expenses in fiscal 2007.

 

NOTE 11—DEFERRED COMPENSATION PLAN:

 

The Company has a deferred compensation plan for certain directors and officers. The plan is designed to permit eligible officers and directors to accumulate additional income through a nonqualified deferred compensation plan that enables the officer or director to make elective deferrals of compensation to which he or she will become entitled in the future.

 

An account is maintained for each participant for the purpose of recording the current value of his or her elective contributions, including earnings credited thereto. The participant may designate one or more investments as the measure of investment return on the participant’s account. The participant’s account is adjusted monthly to reflect earnings and losses on the participant’s designated investments.

 

The amount credited to the participant’s account will be distributed as soon as practicable after the earlier of the participant’s termination of employment or attainment of age sixty-five. The distribution of benefits to the participant will be made in accordance with the election made by the participant in a lump sum or in equal monthly or annual installments over a period not to exceed fifteen years.

 

In the event the participant requests an early distribution other than a hardship distribution, a 10% withdrawal penalty will be levied. Such distribution will be in the form of a lump sum cash payment.

 

As of November 30, 2007 and 2006, the deferred compensation liability balance was $19,140 and $18,425, respectively. Of the balances deferred, $17,115 and $13,153 have been invested in equity securities, hedge funds and private equity funds at November 30, 2007 and 2006, respectively. The Company has recorded gains in “Other income (expense), net” on the trading securities of $161, $1,082 and $1,597 for the years ended November 30, 2007, 2006 and 2005, respectively. An amount equal to these gains has been charged to selling, general and administrative expenses, relating to the deferred compensation.

 

NOTE 12—EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLAN:

 

The Company has a 401(k) Plan (the “Plan”) under which eligible employees may contribute the up to the maximum amount as provided by law. Employees become eligible to participate in the Plan on the first day of the month after their employment date. The Company can make discretionary contributions under the Plan. During 2007, 2006 and 2005, the Company contributed $580, $378 and $211, respectively.

 

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NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

NOTE 13—STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY:

 

Amended and Restated 2003 Stock Incentive Plan

 

The Company’s 2003 Stock Incentive Plan was adopted by its Board of Directors and approved by its stockholders in 2003. The plan provides for the direct award or sale of shares of common stock, restricted stock and restricted stock units, the grant of options to purchase shares of common stock and the award of stock appreciation rights to employees and non-employee directors, advisors and consultants.

 

The 2003 Stock Incentive Plan is administered by the Company’s Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee determines which eligible individuals are to receive awards under the plan, the number of shares subject to the awards, the vesting schedule applicable to the awards and other terms of the award, subject to the limits of the plan. The Compensation Committee may delegate its administrative authority, subject to certain limitations, with respect to individuals who are not officers.

 

The Board of Directors will be able to amend or modify the 2003 Stock Incentive Plan at any time, subject to any required stockholder approval. The plan will terminate no later than September 1, 2013.

 

The number of authorized shares under the 2003 Stock Incentive Plan will not exceed 14,112 shares of common stock. No participant in the 2003 Stock Incentive Plan may receive option grants or stock appreciation rights of more than 1,500 shares per calendar year, or more than 2,500 shares in the participant’s first calendar year of service. During the year ended November 30, 2007, the Board of Directors granted 183 options at exercise prices ranging from $20.40 to $21.24 per share. In the year ended November 30, 2006, the Board of Directors granted 187 options at exercise prices ranging from $16.51 to $23.13 per share.

 

Under the 2003 Stock Incentive Plan:

 

Qualified employees are eligible for the grant of incentive stock options to purchase shares of common stock.

 

Qualified employees and non-employee directors, advisors and consultants are eligible for the grant of nonstatutory stock options, restricted stock grants and restricted stock units.

 

The stock options and restricted stock awards vest over a five year period with contractual term of ten years.

 

Prior to January 4, 2007, qualified non-employee directors who first joined the Board of Directors after the plan was effective received an initial option grant of twenty-five thousand shares, and all non-employee directors were eligible for annual option grants of five thousand shares for each year they continued to serve. The exercise price of these option grants was equal to 100% of the fair market value of those shares on the date of the grant.

 

Amended and Restated 2003 Stock Incentive Plan, on and after January 4, 2007

 

On and after January 4, 2007, qualified non-employee directors who first join the Board of Directors after the plan is effective receive an initial option grant of ten thousand shares and two thousand shares of restricted stock. All non-employee directors are eligible for annual grants of two thousand shares of restricted stock for each year they continue to serve. The exercise price of these option grants is equal to 100% of the fair market value of those shares on the date of the grant. In addition, these stock option and restricted stock grants vest over a three year period of time.

 

The Compensation Committee determines the exercise price of options or the purchase price of restricted stock grants, but the option price for incentive stock options will not be less than 100% of the fair market value of the stock on the date of grant and the option price for nonstatutory stock options will not be less than 85% of the fair market value of the stock on the date of grant.

 

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SYNNEX CORPORATION

 

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS—(continued)

(amounts in thousands, except per share amounts)

 

Qualified employees and non-employee directors, advisors and consultants will also be eligible for the award of stock appreciation rights, which enable the holder to realize the value of future appreciation in our common stock, payable in cash or shares of common stock.

 

The following table summarizes the stock options outstanding and exercisable under the Company’s option plans as of November 30, 2007 and 2006:

 

     Number of Options at
November 30, 2007
   Number of Options at
November 30, 2006
     Outstanding    Exercisable    Outstanding